"Eberbach Monastery - step back in time" Eichberg by Trekki
Eichberg Travel Guide: 16 reviews and 119 photos
Cistercian Abbey Kloster Eberbach is nestled between vineyards and forests in the northern Rheingau, just a few kilometers off wine village Eltville. In a way, it still symbolizes the isolation the Cistercians had chosen to live their way of life.
Abbot Bernhard de Clairvaux (1090-1153) has founded the abbey in 1136, after he was sent out from France to establish Cistercian monasteries within Europe. During its early days, only 12 monks lived here, but over the time, it became the biggest and most important abbey in Germany.
The French monks introduced winegrowing in Eberbach, and soon wine was their major source of income. As this lead to increasing vineyards, the monks soon had to "employ" lay brethrens; the abbey was expanded to shelter them as well.
During Thirty Years' War (around 1631), lots of damage was done in the abbey, books and utensils stolen and carried off. However, after 1635, the monks returned and continued their work and life in Eberbach.
The final decline of Eberbach Abbey and the monks commenced in early 19th century, when the results of French Revolution forced the German Emperors to secure their incomes – Eberbach Abbey was conveyed to the Duke of Nassau in 1803, thus state-controlled.
Over the course of time, it hosted jail, mental hospital, military storage, sanatorium and youth hostel.
Since 1986, when the shootings for The Name of the Rose have been done here, its popularity increased, and money was spent for restoration.
But the final upswings came in 1998, when the whole abbey and its assets were transformed into a foundation. This lead to careful and improved restoration, so by now Eberbach Abbey is a magnet not only for religious visitors, but also for wine connoisseurs and friends of concerts.
Just now I learned from Jean-Louis (JLBG) that there is a sanctuary in Piemonte which Umberto Eco had in mind when he wrote The Name of the Rose. Make sure to read his description of Sacra di San Michele as well - it looks indeed like the monastery :-))
Let me show you this fascinating abbey in my writings. As Eberbach Abbey has been restored according to Cistercian architecture, I will also explain more about Cistercian daily life and the meanings of buildings.
I would like to thank my guide of Eberbach Abbey, who told us a lot of side information during our tour.
All pictures have been taken by me, if not marked otherwise.
Please do not use any of them without my permission.
The same applies for my writings here.
(please be patient, description will follow soon) more travel advice
Please be patient, text will follow soon :-) more travel advice
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