Alcobaça Favorite Tips by LoriPori Top 5 Page for this destination
Alcobaça Favorites: 19 reviews and 59 photos
Favorite thing: ALCOBACA MONASTERY or MOSTEIRO DE SANTA MARIA DE ALCOBACA was founded by the first Portuguese King Afonso in1153. The church and monastery were the first Gothic buildings in Portugal.
The importance of the Monastery is the fact that many Royals were buried here in the 13th and 14th centuries. King Afonso II, Afonso III and their Queens Urraca of Castile and Beatrice of Castile, are buried here, as well as King Pedro I and his lady love Ines de Castro, who was murdered on the orders of Pedro's father King Afonso IV. After being crowned King, Pedro had built two magnificent Gothic tombs for him and Ines, both of which can be seen in the transept of the Monastery.
Due to its artistic and historical importance, it was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1989.
Queen Urraca's Tomb
Favorite thing: The ROYAL PANTHEON of the Alcobaca Monastery, contains the 13th century tombs of the Queens of Portugal, including Urraca of Castile and Beatrix of Castile, married respectively to Kings Afonso II and Afonso III.
The most remarkable tomb (pictured here) is that of Queen Urraca, who died in 1220 and is buried in a richly decorated late Romanesque tomb. A relief showing the Queen is seen over the tomb. The sides are decorated with the twelve apostles.
The Altar of the Monastery
Favorite thing: The INTERIOR OF THE MONASTERY is an exquisite example of Cistercian Gothic architecture. In accordance with Cistercian principles, decoration is minimal to allow maximum appreciation of the soaring vertical lines. The side isles are as tall as the central nave - 20 metres. The Apse is flooded with light from large Gothic windows.
What surprised me, was the simplicity of the Altar pictured here.
Favorite thing: The West FACADE OF THE MONASTERY is Cistercian Gothic style with Barocque embellishments. The Portal and Rose Window are part of the original Gothic Church. The Statues and two flanking towers were added in the beginning of the 18th century.
The long Wings attached on both sides are Barocque additions (picture # 1).
Renaissance Water Fountain
Favorite thing: I really loved the RENAISSANCE WATER FOUNTAIN with its own Gothic Fountain house. It was in the Cloister area of the Monastery. It was so bright, airy, cool and refreshing. I loved the sound of the water trickling down into the basin.
Gallery - Cloisters of Silence
Favorite thing: The beautiful Gothic CLOISTERS OF SILENCE were built during the reign of King Dinis I in the late 13th century. The Fountain Hall in the cloisters contain an elegant early Renaissance Fountain.
The Chapter House. connected to the Cloister by a Romanesque -style portal, is filled with Barocque statues created by the Monks. While we were visiting the Chapter House, we were treated to a performance of a wonderful male singer who had a very high soprano voice.
We also explored the Monk's Dormitory.
Tomb of Ines de Castro
Favorite thing: In the Transept of the Church are located the Tombs of King Pedro I and his mistress Ines De Castro.
Ines de Castro was the lady-in-waiting to Dom Pedro's wife Constanza of Castille. Ines was the daughter of a Castilian aristocrat. Pedro fell madly in love with Ines and took her as his mistress. After Constanza died in 1349, Pedro refused to remarry and continued to be devoted to Ines, with whom he had several children.
Pedro recognized all his children with Inês and favoured the Castilians at court. Pedro's father, King Afonso IV, regarded her as a threat to his kingdom, so in 1355, the king had her murdered. Two years later, Afonso IV died and Pedro became king. King Pedro I immediately declared that he had married Inês in a secret ceremony in Bragança, making her the rightful queen. According to legend, the bereaved king then took his gruesome revenge - he exhumed Inês' body, presented the corpse at court and ordered all his court to pay homage to her decomposed hand. Ewwwww!
Tomb of King Pedro I
Favorite thing: In the Transept of the Church are located the TOMBS OF KING PEDRO I ( 1320 - 1367 ) and his mistress Ines de Castro.
This pair of royal tombs are among the best works of Gothic sculpture in Portugal. The Tomb of the King is supported by Lions and the Tomb of Ines is supported by half-Monk / half-beast. Both carry the recumbent figures of the deceased assisted by Angels. The sides of Pedro's tomb are magnificently decorated with reliefs showing scenes from Pedro and Ines' life. Her Tomb is decorated with scenes from the life of Christ.
The Tombs are facing each other so that on Judgement Day their first sight will be of each other .
More Reviews (1)
LoriPori's Related Pages
Alcobaça Travel Guide
Member Travel Pages
- "Alcobaca and the West"
- "Alcobaça - known for its Monastery & more !!"
- "Alcobaca - UNESCO site"
- "Alcobaça's Gem"
- "Alcobaca, UNESCO World Heritage"
- See All...
- Things to Do in Alcobaça
- Hotels in Alcobaça
- Transportation in Alcobaça
- Nightlife in Alcobaça
- Restaurants in Alcobaça
- Shopping in Alcobaça
- Warnings and Dangers in Alcobaça
- See All...
Explore the World
- Rathdrum Hotels
- Mississippi Hotels
- San Carlos de Bariloche Hotels
- San Juan del Norte Hotels
- Province of Surigao del Sur
Badges & Stats in Alcobaça
- 9 Reviews
- 73 Photos
- 0 Forum posts
- 11 Comments
- See All Stats
- See All Badges (107)
Have you been to Alcobaça?Share Your Travels
Latest Activity in Alcobaça
Top 10 Pages
- Top 5 Page for this destination Windsor Intro, 110 reviews, 318 photos, 6 travelogues
- Top 5 Page for this destination Torremolinos Intro, 81 reviews, 336 photos, 12 travelogues
- Top 5 Page for this destination Marbella Intro, 53 reviews, 222 photos, 8 travelogues
- Top 5 Page for this destination Cascais Intro, 38 reviews, 234 photos, 10 travelogues
- Krakow Intro, 45 reviews, 218 photos, 10 travelogues
- Spain Intro, 54 reviews, 192 photos, 7 travelogues
- Chicago Intro, 42 reviews, 193 photos, 8 travelogues
- Prague Intro, 64 reviews, 159 photos, 5 travelogues
- Bergamo Intro, 34 reviews, 181 photos, 9 travelogues
- Top 5 Page for this destination Halifax Intro, 31 reviews, 172 photos, 9 travelogues