"PERIYAR INDIAS MASAI MARA" Top 5 Page for this destination Periyar Sanctuary by pravdr

Periyar Sanctuary Travel Guide: 50 reviews and 119 photos


periyar is a unique biodiversity system under wildlife conservation. it revolves around a once former tropical forset submerged partially by a manmade reservoir formed by the construction of mullaperiyar dam.the lake is the lifeline of the reserve as animals flock to its shores for water bathing and playing and hunting.to man it presents a unique opportunity to observe wildlife at close quarters on the shores.the most popular way to observe wildlife at periyar is the boatride in motor boats.treetrunks which were once gigantic trees rise from the depths of the lake like outstretched hands to let us know what existed once below the water surface.the periyar lake is starshaped and its area is 26 aq km when full.
best season to observe wildlife is peak summer when the lake dries up considerably and brings the animals in large numbers to the shores to beat the heat.best time to observe animals is the early morning or late evening.sometimes you may not see any animals at all but th beauty of the boat ride makes up for the absence of animals.the present picture was taken by me when i was trekking inside the sanctuary atop one of the many peaks that dot the lake shores.IT WAS AN AWESOME FEELING.TO BE INSIDE A FOREST FULL OF ANIMALS.


it was august 3rd week and rains had taken a respite for onam the oncoming new year festival of kerala.the sky was clear with s sprinkiling of clouds and at the break of dawn the chatter of birds had reached a crescendo.the first rays of the sun had lit up the sky in warm colors of golden yellow. the lake reflected the colors of the sky as the jungle woke up for some and for some it was time to take rest.the tropical sun shone with its warmth.kingfishers skimmed the surface diving occasionally to grab the prey with pinpoint precision. occasionally the great indian hornbills emitted out the loud whoosh of their wings. MORNING HAD ARRIVED AT PERIYAR INDEED.



1895 - Construction of Mullaperiyar Dam
1899 - Formation of Periyar Lake Reserve.
1933 - S.C.H. Robinson made the first game warden
1934 - Formation of Nellikkampatty Game Sanctuary
1950 - Consolidation as Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.
1978 - Declaration as Periyar Tiger Reserve.
1982 - Preliminary notification of the core area as National Park.
1991 - Brought under Project Elephant.
1996 - India Ecodevelopment Project launched.
2001 - Reorganised as two Divisions, Periyar East and Periyar West

AREA 777 sq km

Climate & Rain fall
The temperature ranges from 15ºC in December and January and up to 31ºC in April & May.

The Annual rainfall ranges from 2000 mm to 3000 mm.
Two–thirds of the rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon from June to September. The northeast monsoon impacts from October to December. There are some pre-monsoon showers from mid April.

Core Zone
The core area of 430 sq. km. is the primary watershed of river Periyar, free of all disturbances and intended for total preservation.

Tourism Zone
The 55 sq.km. area around the lake and the lake fringes from the boat landing to the dam site is the tourism zone.
Tourism activities like boating, guided trekking, adventure trekking, elephant ride, camp in watchtowers are confined to this zone.

Buffer Zone
The 347 sq. Km. buffer zone lies outside the core but includes the tourism zone, Sabarimala pilgrim management zone, ecodevelopment zone and the erstwhile Eucalyptus plantations.

Location Longitude:76º 55’- 77º 26’ E, Latititude:9º 16’ – 9º 40’ N

North Peermedu taluk
South Pathanamthitta district
East Theni,Tirunelveli & Ramnad districts of Tamil Nadu
West Kottayam district

Terrain & Geomorphology
Terrain is undulating with lofty peaks of over 1700 meters bordering the north and east. Towards the west it merges into an extensive tableland Mount Plateau of average elevation 1200 meters.
From the edge of this plateau the land falls steeply to the thickly forested tracts of Sabarimala hills in the Pamba River basin.
The overall elevation ranges from 100 meters at Pambavalley to 2019 meters at Kottamalai.

Rock granites and gneisses
Soil laterite, fine loamy, with large amount of quartz gravel formed from crystalline rock.

Periyar and Pamba
Area of lake : 26 sq. km. (at max. water level)

Periyar Tiger Reserve is situated in the Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala State in South India

How to Reach Periyar Tiger Reserve
Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady is about 4 km from Kumili in Idukki district, central Kerala and is well connected by road from all the major towns of Kerala.

By Air
Cochin International Airport : 190 Kms.
Thiruvananthapuram International Airport : 267 Kms.
Madurai: 140 Kms.

By Rail
Kottayam : 114 Kms.
Changanassery: 120 Kms.
Ernakulam : 190 Kms.
Madurai : 135 Kms.

By Road
Direct bus links to / from Thiruvananthapuram, Cochin, Kottayam, Munnar & Madurai.

Best season to visit the Reserve is September to May.
The months of March and April constitute the driest part of the year, because of which the animals spend a lot of time near the lake in the Periyar Tiger Reserve.

Even the tiger may be spotted approaching the waters in the Periyar Tiger Reserve. Animals may be seen from motorboats on the lake or from watchtowers set up in the Periyar Tiger Reserve.

If you don’t mind the rains, then the rest of the year is also fine.

The Reserve is open all year from 7 AM to 6 PM

The Bamboo Grove-Eco lodge & Centre for experiential learning
Nature Walk-The guided day trek
The Periyar Tiger Trail-Adventure trekking and camping
Border Hiking-Protection oriented range hiking
Bamboo Rafting-Dawn to dusk range hiking
Jungle Patrol-Shepherding the jungle
Jungle Inn-Jungle in the night
Green Mansions-Far from the madding crowds...
Bullock Cart Discoveries

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:wildlife, massage, spices, and tea
  • Cons:leeches, monkeys
  • In a nutshell:keep it the way god meant it to be
  • Last visit to Periyar Sanctuary: Aug 2006
  • Intro Updated Oct 22, 2006
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