"Miskolc" Top 5 Page for this destination Miskolc by Juditta

Miskolc Travel Guide: 57 reviews and 169 photos

My home town

Let me introduce my home town!!

It is a town with pulsing life and rich history!

The history of Miskolc, the descendants of the ancient settlement which wasformed at the foot of the Avas Hill, along the two brooks called Szinva and Peceflowing into the river Sajó, can be traced back to paleoanthrophic cultureswhere man's earliest implements were carved from stone and bone. The Szeleta Cave near by Lillafüred and other caves in the Bükk Mountainshave preserved not only the memories, but also traces of the hard life of man inpieces of clothing and finely worked clasps. At the top of the Avas HillNeolithic tools were found. The region was gradually populated during thisperiod over 10,000 years ago. The grinding implements and the richly ornamentedceramics found in the Bükk Mountains are 5,000 years old. The finds coming fromthe area of the today's Iron Works refer to a more developed way of life duringthe Bronze Age.

The first dwellers known in the Miskolc region at the end of the Iron Agewere the Cotinus, one of the Celts' tribes. During the period of the GreatMigrations, Teutonic, Sarmatian, Hun, and Avar people made their permanent homein this region.

This area was settled by the Ancient Hungarians over a thousand years ago,and the settlement was named after the Miskóc clan. The settlement became thecentre of the region from the beginning of 11th century. A work by Anonymus (ca.1210) mentions the dwelling place of the Bors-Miskóc clan at the time of theMagyar conquest as terra Miskoucy. This clan founded a St. Benedictineabbey in Tapolca Valley but the Tartars burnt down the settlementin 1241.

The Bors-Miskóc clan lost their power in 1312 when they stood against RóbertKároly, whose intention was to break the feudal anarchy.

The clan of Miskóc was followed by the Széchy family who laid the foundationsof urbanization. They managed to obtain the rights to hold countrywide fairs,and exercise minor jurisdiction, which resulted in Miskolc, the former villagedeveloping into a market town.

At the end of 1364 Lajos I. (the Great) annexed the town of Miskolc to theDiósgyor Royal Estate. The 13th century Diósgyor Royal Castle, which wasaccomplished and magnificently developed in the 15th century, became the centreof the Royal Estate including Miskolc. A Pauline Monastery, which was the onlyone of a Hungarian foundation dating back to the time of the Árpád dynasty, usedto stand in Diósgyor.

By the end of the 15th century the townscape had changed a lot and theorigins of today's town centre were gradually developing at the foot ofthe Avas Hill. The town's ancient school (now museum) was established onthe side of the Szinva brook near by the church, which still exists builton the side of the Avas Hill.

Sights of Miskolc

Avas Protestant Church
Greek Catholic Church (Búza tér)
Luther church Hunyadi utca
Orthodox church and museum (Battyhányi u. 7. )
Plank (Deszka) Church (Petőfi tér)
Protestant Church (Kossuth utca 17. )
Synagogue (Kazinczy utca 11.)
The Mindszenti Roman Catholic Church( Mindszent tér )
The Placid Mary (Nagyboldogasszony) Hősök tere
The Rock (Szikla) Chapel Tapolca

Cultural centers:
Feledy house (Deák tér 3.)
Herman Ottó Memorial House Lillafüred,( Erzsébet sétány 33.)
Herman Ottó Museum (1 Papszer Street Papszer u. 1. )
Kós house (Görgey út 32.)
Miskolc National Theatre (Déryné u. 1. )
Music Palace (Bartók tér 1.)
Petró house (Hunyadi u. 12.)
Rákóczi house( Rákóczi utca 2.)
The Ancient iron furnace and the

Spare Time:
Avas-cellars - Lookout tower
Game Park
Népkert, Sports Hall, Vigadó Görgey u. 19
Szeleta Cave Lillafüred
Szent Anna Cave Lillafüred
Szent István Cave Lillafüred
Tha Cave- and Spa Miskolctapolca Miskolc-Tapolca, Pazár sétány
The Diósgyőr Castle

The Avas has been the storage and hiding place of the town for centuries. More than 800 cellars were scooped into the dry and damp-proof andesite tuff of the Avas. The hollows run parallel to the inner side of the building 6-7 metres distant from each other. Most of them are 10-20 metres long but there are some 50-100 metres long hollows as well. The temperature of the hollows varies between 6-10 °C depending on their depth. It is the same in winter and summer. Most of the cellars are at least 300 years old and hardly any of them are younger than 200 years. The houses by the cellars are not particularly old because there was some kind of wine house in front of every 10th cellar only. Nowadays there are no vineyards on the Avas any more. According to the document of the Pozsony Chamber dated in the 18th century the wine of Miskolc could be distinguished from the wine of Tokaj-Hegyalja as far as its good quality is concerned.

The vineyards were completely devastated by the filoxera between 1885 and 1889.

There has always been some kind of a lookout tower on the top of the Avas Hill showing a beautiful view to the visitors. The last tower made of wood was burnt down. The present one was built on the 203 metre-high platform between 1962 and 1963. The lookout tower is 71 metres tall and was planned by Hofer Miklós.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:The inhabitants are realy friendly and the there are much to see.
  • Cons:The buildings are old and the streets are dirty!
  • Intro Written Jun 11, 2004
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Reviews (41)

Comments (9)

  • bugulma's Profile Photo
    Aug 17, 2006 at 6:47 AM

    castle is great.

  • sprdak11's Profile Photo
    Apr 27, 2005 at 9:56 AM

    Hello. Great travel page. With nice pictures and intersting information. Greetings from Poland!

  • Sirvictor's Profile Photo
    Apr 21, 2005 at 4:39 AM

    abc of freedom made a mistake you are not the sun but sun goddess of Miskolc. Take a look at my Hungary page.

  • DreamHolidayTravels's Profile Photo
    Apr 14, 2005 at 6:34 AM

    Very beautiful and helpful.

  • abc_of_freedom's Profile Photo
    Feb 23, 2005 at 11:51 AM

    Great page. She is the sun of Miskolc. Murathan-istanbul

  • lkdahl's Profile Photo
    Jan 25, 2005 at 9:07 PM

    Judit very nice page on your hometown. If you put as much effort in your studies as you did on you travel pages, I'm sure you will be very successful in the tourism industry. Good luck to you. :)

  • flyingkiwi's Profile Photo
    Jan 5, 2005 at 1:19 PM

    Excellent page on your hometown! It looks very interesting. I'b be sure to visit next time I'm in Hungary. :-)

  • Juditta's Profile Photo
    Jan 1, 2005 at 9:47 AM

    Szia Juditta!!! i loved ur home page!! it's very interesting!! and don't forget: mexa sua bunda!!!! hehehe sok puszi from ur brazilian friend LARI

  • Ben-UK's Profile Photo
    Jun 19, 2004 at 5:22 AM

    Very nice photos -- I enjoyed my stay in Miskolc recently -- hope to come back one day.


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