"Skopje, the city of many faces" Skopje by MacedonianUK
Skopje Travel Guide: 809 reviews and 2,024 photos
The (Hi)story of Skopje is 6000 yr old. Starts with the Neolithic settlement at "Tumba Madzari" and the story lasts till today...
Greek geographer Claudius Ptolomeius, under its ancient name Scupi in the 3rd century BC. It was located at the confluence of the rivers Lepenec and Vardar.
The area which is now the modern City of Skopje have been settled by the Traybals , than taken over & controlled by the Iliryan tribe of Dardans.
In the year 148 BC, the Romans came to the Balkans, conquered Scupi and settled the Roman army here.
The Romans build & fortified many cities in Macedonia, including Stobi, in the Varadar river valley.
Scupi (Skopje) lies on a seismic fault and is hit by earth tremors frequently, and 3 big earthquakes destroyed the city during it's existence.
Scupi was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake in 518 AD, the first of the three disastrous earthquakes that leveled this city.
In his chronicle Comes Marcelinius described this tragedy:
"... In just a moment 24 towns were destroyed. Scupi, the capital of Dardania, was leveled completely as if it had been sacked by the most terrible conquerors. A crack of 30 miles long and 12 feet wide appeared, gushing hot stream."
The Byzantium emperor Justinian 1st family comes from village of Taor near today's Skopje and during his reign he founded the Byzantium town of Justiciana Prima.
During Justinijan 1st, Slavs started to invade these areas. The tribe Beregeziti (also known as Berziti) was later recognized as rulers in the Skopje region.
In the middle ages the fate of Skopje was also chequered and it changed with every new ruler , till the coming in power of Tsar Samoil ((976-1018)
The first Macedonian King who united the whole region of Macedonia.
In 1040 there was the rebellion of Petar Deljan, nephew of the Emperor Samoil, who fought very bravely for Skopje and he even succeeded in returning the city, but only for a short period. The next rebellion was in 1072, led by Georgi Vojteh. But his success only lasted for a short period also. In 1081 Skopje got a new master. The Normans, led by Robert Guiscard, arrived via Durres (city in Albania) and attacked and sacked Skopje.
In 1093 the tribal head of the Serbs, Vukan, interrupted the domination of the Normans for a short period, and then the Norman Duke Boemund Tarenian again subjected the whole of Polog valley, including Skopje. Many conquerors followed him in the streets of this city. The first of them was the Bulgarian Emperor Kaloyan (1204). Three years later the master of Prosek, Dobromir Strez, arrived in Skopje and remained until 1215. After him, again the Bulgarians, Byzantines, the Serbs. The fate of Skopje was similar to the fate of Macedonia: constantly to change masters.
If you are adventures enough, you can spend few hours visiting the church of St Pantelejmon in Nerezi village. The... more travel advice
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