"Glory of the Himalayas/Valley of Gods" Top 5 Page for this destination State of Himachal Pradesh by RAJASTHANBYCAR

State of Himachal Pradesh Travel Guide: 443 reviews and 1,075 photos

Prehistory and Protohistory

About 2 million years ago man lived in the foothills of Himachal Pradesh, viz in the Bangana valley of Kangra, Sirsa valley of Nalagarh and Markanda valley of Sirmour. The foothills of the state were inhabited by people from Indus valley civilization which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. People of Indus valley civilization pushed the original inhabitants of Ganga plains who were known as Kolorian people towards north. They moved to the hills of Himachal Pradesh where they could live peacefully and preserve their way of life.

In the Vedas they have been referred to as Dasas, Dasyus and Nishadas while in later works they have been called Kinnars, Nagas and Yakshas. The Kols or Mundas are believed to be the original migrants to the hills of present day Himachal.

The second phase of migrants came in the form of Mongoloid people known as Bhotas and Kiratas. Later on came the third and most important wave of migrants in the form of the Aryans who left their Central Asian home. These laid the base of history and culture of Himachal Pradesh.

Rajput Period

A few decades after Harsha's death (647 A.D.) many Rajput states ascended in Rajsthan and Indus plains. They fought amongst themselves and the vanquished moved to the hills with their followers, where they set up small states or principalities. These states were Kangra, Nurpur, Suket, Mandi, Kutlehar, Baghal, Bilaspur, Nalagarh, Keonthal, Dhami, Kunihar, Bushahar, Sirmour.

British Rule 1858 to 1914

The British territories in the hill came under British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. During the first World War, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort both in thr form of men and materials. Amongst these were the states of Kangra, Siba, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi and Bilaspur.

  • Last visit to State of Himachal Pradesh: Mar 2006
  • Intro Updated Sep 6, 2007
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Reviews (37)

Comments (3)

  • brendazart's Profile Photo
    Apr 11, 2009 at 8:42 AM

    I LOVE the photo of the women with rabbits. When I come back to India, I will have you take me to Himachal Pradesh and Varanasi. Not sure when it will be, but I will come back!

  • calcaf38's Profile Photo
    Jul 17, 2006 at 2:30 PM

    Happy Birthday Mahavir. I'm crazy about your your Himachal Pradesh page. Namaste from Pennsylvania.

  • ellsasha's Profile Photo
    Jul 16, 2006 at 10:45 AM

    Outstanding narratives and outstanding photos. Great work it is helping me make decisions on my September trip. Ellsasha

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