"World of the Wonders" Top 5 Page for this destination Agra by RAJASTHANBYCAR
Agra Travel Guide: 1,099 reviews and 3,591 photos
Agra is situated on the banks of famous river Yamuna is in Western part of Uttar Pradesh State.Agra is a grand old city which is famous in the world for the Taj Mahal, which is one of the seven wonders of the world.It is also famous for the Imperial glory of the Akber the Grate, who followed a policy of national harmony and love and who propagated a new religo called Din-E-liahi which contained in it all the best principles of almost all the religions of the world.Agra is also famous for its cottage industries, for its beautiful gardend of the Mughels, for its narrow lanes, old Bazar of Mughal times.But at the same time for the famous Marble items, leather goods, durries, carpets, iron, foundres and for diesel engine pumpsets and generating sets.Some historians identify Agra with the "Agra Vana" of the Mahabharat period.It is also said that there was a big prison house of King Kansa, in Agra who was the maternal uncle of Lord Sri Krishna.The Kansgate situated in Gokulpura, area of modern Agra in the Raja ki Mandi area of today, is a testimony of this historical fact.There is another view prevalent about Agra, that is was founded by the matemal grand father of Lord Krishna, whose name was'Maharaja Agrasen' or 'Ugrasen'.Sfter sometime the name was spoilt and ultimately, it come to be know as Agra.By and by Agra started losing its ancient glory and it become a neglected city.It is said that Agra turned into a deserted and destroyed city, which lost its glorious position.Sikandar Lodi made it his capital.Sikander Lodi was an eagle-eyed military general, who spotted Agra as a most suitable site to serve as his military head quarters and it became the seat of his Govermment in 1504 A.D.There was an old fort of the Hindu King which was called Badalgarh, built by a Hindu King named Badal Singh.later on, when Sikander Lodi, decided to estsblish Agra as his military camp, he got demolished this age old Badaigarh fort and constructed a new fort on the same foundation and the same site.Sikandar Lodi also constructed so many buildings in Agra and adorned this old age city.The Baradari at Sikandra is a cler testimony to it.This new city Sikandra is about 12 Km from Agra its north on Agra-Delhi National Highway No. 2.
Shah Jahan's earlier name was Khurram.He was born on 5th january 1592 at Lahore, Khurram, who was a great military general and who owned so many famous battles to his credit, was considered to be the future Emperor of India.Prince Khurram, with the help of Mahavat Khan and his father-in-law and brother of Noor Jahan, named Aasaf Khan, defeated his brother and become the 5th Mughal Emperor of India Feb 1628 to 1658, after getting killed all his remaining brothers.Aasaf Khan was made the-Prime Minister and the rank of Mahavat Khan was increased to be for 7000 'Jat' and 7000 riders.
Shah Jahan was very much fond of constructing huge buildings, edifices, palaces and huge monuments.He converted Agra into gold to glitter and silver to shine.Shah Jahan was married to Arjumand bano April 1612.She entangled Shah Jahan in her love.He was committed to 'Mum-Taj Mahal' (Beautiful-Crown-Palace) for the erection of a beautiful mausoleum in her memory after her death.So when Mumtaj Mahal died in 1631 at the time of a delivery in Burhanpur. Shahjahan was shocked badly, after some time he constructed 'The Taj Mahal' in her memory which is called a dream in white marble.It is one of the seven wonders of the world.
He founded Shahjahanabad which is Old Delhi of today.He made huge and beautiful buildings such as Red Fort, Jama Masjid and the beautiful Peacock throne the 'Takhte-Taus' was made of gold worth one Lakh Tolas.On this a beautiful peacock was made of bright gems.The ceiling of this throne too was made of gold, jewels, diamonds with a beautiful border of pearls.This throne was supstaircase of silver to ascend the throne.This wonderful throne was carried away by Nadir Shah to Persia in 1736.
Shah jahan passed his old age in disgust and agony.There were so many reason for this.First of all he lost his beloved wife in the mid days of the worldly life, secondly, he remained sick most of the days.Thirdly he was imprisoned by his youngest son Aurangzeb in Red Fort at Agra 8 years 1658 to 1666.Not only this Aurangzeb murdered all the remaining sons of Shan Jahan.It was only Jahanara Begum the beloved daughte of Shan Jahan, who remained throughout her life with her father-even in the jail.Jahanara was most instrumental in helping her ailing old father for a 'Jharokha' or a glimpse of the beautiful Taj from the roof of Red Fort of Agra.On Monday 22 January 1666 A.D.Shan Jahan requested Jahan Ara to put his neck a bit above so as to enable the old emperor to have a last glimpse of the beautiful Maosoleum,which was built in the sacred memory of his beloved Mumtaj Mahal.He expressed his last desire to be burried beside hi lover-queen Mumtaz and after this he started for a permanent voyage to heaven on 31th January 1666 A.D.Brutal son Aurangzeb, could not even attend the burial and the greatest and the grandest Shah Jahan was carried away to be burried by the servants and ennachs of side of Mumtaz. Aurangzeb reached Agra after about a month just to fulfil a formality of putting of a marble enclosure in place of Silver around his parent's cenotaph.
Later on Jahan Ara also died in 1681 A.D. after fifteen years of the death of her father.
Mumtaz Mahal, this title was conferred on the beloved wife of Emperor Shah Jahan and whose actul name was Arjumanad Bano Begum.She was Persian by blood and was born 6th April 1593 and married to Prince Khurram (Emperor Shahjahan).She was the second wife of Shanjahan.At the time of marriage she was only nineteen.Her father Asaf Khan was at a lower post in the court of Jahangir and was brother of Noor Jahan.Shah Jahan bestowed upon her greatest degree of love becose of her unusual charm, sincerity and pleasing manners.Mumtaz had major say in the administration during the regin of Shahjahan.She was the chief advisor to the Emperor and the seal of authority was always in her possession.
This beautiful and mentally alert lady stood by Shahjahan through thick and thin.Mumtaz spend 19 years of married life with Shahjahan.During this period she solved many administrative problem and gave a good account of her presence of mind.She was also popular for her social welfare activities.She was regarded a good refuge for all those who were distressed and poor.Mumtaz gave birth 14 children.She fell seriously ill at Burhanpur at the time of her fourteenth delivery.At that time Shahjahan was engaged in a war against Khanjahan Lodhi.Every effort was made to save Mumtaz but to no avail.At last, thinking her end to be close, she transferred the responsibility of Shanjahan's care to her daughter, Jahanara.Shanjahan while on her gave a word to effect a benefitting memories of her, the beauty of which would be cherished in the world.When her end was near Shahjahan told how should i make you believe that i love you,it was then that she told him not to marry again and take care of the children.
She dide on 7th june 1631 and was only 39 years old.The whole fo his empire was shrouded was grief on the death of this noble lady.Shahjahan was now no longer intersted in the Durbar and other related Royal functions.
During the time of festivals, Shahjahan used to cry like baby on Mumtaz's Tomb.His beard grew grey in an early age and he become very weak.He tried a lot to forget Mumtaz, but couldn't.Every Friday he used to go Mumtaz's Tomb to read fatiha.
- Pros:Taj Mahal foraver
- Cons:Must be Avoid to the Touts/Hockers
- In a nutshell:Glorious Love
Mariam‘s tomb is situated some 1 km away from Akbar's Tomb at Sikandra. While coming towards Mathura from Agra,It falls... more travel advice
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