"History of Yakutsk" Yakutsk by alexprofi
Yakutsk Travel Guide: 6 reviews and 25 photos
Yakutsk - capital Republics Saha (Yakutia), one of the oldest cities of Siberia.
Date of the basis - on September, 25, 1632 when the group of the Yenisei commander of hundred Peter Beketova, surveying coast of the river of Lena, has put in pawn Lena a jail on the right to coast of the river in 70 kms. To the north of modern Yakutsk.
Yakutsk is renamed into Yakutsk in 1643., being military - administrative and shopping center of all Lena region, since 1708 has been subordinated Siberian, at the end of XVIII century - Irkutsk to provinces. In 1822 Yakutsk becomes regional city, and since 1851 Yakutia receives the status of independent area on the rights of province with the center in Yakutsk.
From times of the basis, within more than two centuries Yakutsk served as the center and basic base for research of northeast of Asia. From here there left in unknown Semion Dejnev, Vladimir Atlasov, Ivan Moskvitin, Vasily Pojarkov, Erofey Khabarov and others, opened a passage between Asia and America, Kamchatka, the river Amur, coast Arctic and great Silent oceans. Yakutsk was at various times visited Vitus Bering, Khariton and Dmitry Laptevy, Semion Tcheliuskin, by Ferdinand Vrangel, Edward Tol, Ivan Chersky, Ivan Goncharov and other large scientists, travellers, writers.
Yakutsk is located on 62 degree of northern breadth. In Yakutsk were marked 64 degree a frost and 38 degree heat. Amplitude of fluctuations of the winter and summer temperatures, exceeding 100 degree , any region of the world Average temperature in January - does not test 42,7 degrees, in July + 18,7 degrees. For a year drops out up to 202 mm of deposits. Local time outstrips Moscow at 6 o'clock.
Territory of the Yakut city administration - 3.6 thousand sq. m, including within the limits of city feature of-1.6 thousand in sq.m. In administrative-territorial structure - 14 settlements. Distance up to Moscow - 8468 kms, up to the nearest railway station Tommot - 453 kms. River port on r. Lena.
Today Yakutsk - large administrative, industrial, cultural and a centre of science. Business, the city is connected by relations of production to many enterprises of Russia, foreign firms. In city operate 10 banks and their branches.
The wide network of the trading organizations, the food, ware and mixed markets, more than 200 points of public catering of the population functions. Visitors of capital are rendered with services of 24 hotels with lumpsum capacity of 1238 places.
In city the network of presidential schools and the centers of culture and art is created.
Yakutsk - city of a science. Today scientific researches and development conduct 25 scientific organizations.
The Yakut centre of science and Academy of sciences of republic unite 14 scientific research institutes of the academic structure, except for that 7 institutes of a branch structure and other scientific organizations work. Scientific development and researches conduct 2547 workers, from them 98 doctors of sciences, 458 candidates of sciences. The volume of research works in 1998 is appreciated in 156 million roubles. Scientific researches of the Yakut scientists are connected basically to problems of northern region.
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