"My Tale of Two Cities!" Top 5 Page for this destination Bergamo by suvanki
Bergamo Travel Guide: 1,095 reviews and 4,313 photos
Bergamo is located about 45 km from Milan, sitting 249 metres above sea level in the foothills of the Orobic Alps, which is at the exit of the 2 valleys of the Val Seriana and Val Brembana The Rivers Serio and Brembo flow through the plains.
Bergamo developed in the upper town (Citta Alta). Its name is thought to have Celtic origins, coming from the word 'Bergheim', meaning 'home on the mountain'
The valleys and high ground provided defensive properties for the inhabitants. Typically, Celts surrounded their settlements with walls. In the 2nd Century BC, The Romans took over the town, and remained for another 700 years! In 42BC Bergamo attained Roman Citizenship, and then a Municipium
So what did the Romans do for Bergamo?
Well, The city became an important Military centre. Its Fortress becoming a stop off point for the many divisions of Legionaries marching through the country to or from far flung areas of the Roman Empire. The city walls were strengthened and fortifications added.
The site of the fortress is where the circular tower "Rocca" can be visited today
As a Municipium, the Romans built a forum, roads, an arena, a spa and aqueducts. A system of underground passages, cisterns and wells ensured a constant supply of water for cooking, bathing and relaxing in.
Very little remains from this period. When the Roman Empire began to crumble, Bergamo was invaded by a motley crew of invaders
From the north came barbarians and mercenaries, aiming to grab their bit of the spoils. Visi goths, Huns, Vandals, Longobards, Franks and Methodists (OK, not Methodists!, but it was beginning to sound like the list of deviants from Blazing Saddles!) took it in turn to plunder and destroy this once prosperous city. Attila the Hun turned up in 452 to claim his piece.
If you walk up Via Rocca, near the entrance gate to the castle are some bushes to the right- look for a part of old Roman Road-with grooves worn into it by Roman Chariots. (I didn't find out about this until recently, so missed it).
Thanks to groups of monks restoring and constructing buildings in the city, and surrounding countryside, small centres developed, which provided cultural, economic and religious foundations. By 1000AD Bergamo was back on its feet - This time the Church held the power. Economics played a big part in Bergamos rising strength, with merchants and bankers creating wealth. Virtually all traces of Roman Bergamo were hidden by a frenzy of building work.
The next important change came with Bergamo being handed over to Venetian occupation on 19th April 1428. This was to be a period of influence on the architecture and culture of the city. Trading routes were opened up to beyond the Alps, and trade and cultural exchanges developed between Venice and Bergamo. This led to a new prosperity- wealthy Tradesmen built palaces. Existing buildings were 'fancified'. Musicians, artists, printers, architects, religious and learned men moved into the Bergamo area. Many examples of artwork and paintings from this period can still be seen in the churches and palaces today. Another reminder of this Venetian period are the many examples of the symbol of Venice-the winged lion, which can be seen.
The lower town of Bergamo began to develop, as villages and suburbs were established.
Construction of the Venetian walls around the Upper city began in 1556.
On 13th March 1797 Bergamo underwent another change, this time by French occupation, and then again on 12th June 1814, when Austria took over the rule of the Lombardy-Veneto region.
Garibaldi and around a thousand men (many being local volunteers), left Bergamo in 1860 to liberate southern Italy, leading to the forming of the Kingdom of Italy on 17th March 1861. This led to Bergamo being named "Citta dei Mille"- City of The Thousand.
During the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, the lower city developed further, and became the administrative, social and economic centre of Bergamo.
Bergamo had been on my list of 'Must See ' Places for a while, so when in October 2008, Ryanair came up with their £1 flight offers (taxes etc included) I was at the front of the queue for my flight to this town!
Ryanair advertise Bergamo Orio Al Serio airport as Milan (which is 45km away). My preference was to visit the Medieval town of Bergamo. I only had a couple of days to spend there, had I had longer, I would have headed out to Lake Como, (or the lesser known Lake Iseo) - easily reached by train or bus.
My flight landed earlier than the expected time of 1455, and I was soon on my way to my hostel in Bergamo, by the airport bus.
I glimpsed bits of the Citta Bassa, (lower town), as we sped through the streets, before alighting at the funicular stop. My hostel was near to this stop -(it took me a while to find).
So after a quick wash, I was out ready to explore. My first stop was to buy a ticket for the funicular.
I spent the rest of the afternoon and evening wandering around the centre of the medieval town.
The highlight for me was coming across the Capella Colleoni and Basillica of Santa Maria Maggiore.
I hadn't read up too much about Bergamo before my trip, so it was one of those special moments, when you just turn a corner and come across an unexpected treasure. I was completely enthralled with the exterior decoration - so much detail.
Walking inside the Basillica was also quite jaw dropping - I returned here a few times during my short stay.
Bergamo is 'My sort of place'- Somewhere to enjoy wandering around the narrow streets, popping into churches, finding a surprise square or view - then there's the food!!! Lots of independent shops and small family run restaurants/ tratorias.
I can usually tell how much I've liked a place by the number of photos that I've taken - Yes, I've got LOTS of pics of Bergamo!!
I enjoyed my trip to Bergamo so much, & vowed to return one day. I hadn't expected it would be so soon! 6 months later I was back, with 6 friends, to celebrate Patsys 50th Birthday.
When deciding on a place to spend our weekend away we look for a place that;
- We can fly to from near our home,
- Offers good flight times - ie not flying at 'stupid o' clock'
- Offers the longest length of time in a place - we flew out Friday at 11.50, arriving at Orio Al Serio airport at 14.55 - giving us Friday afternoon and night, all day Saturday and Sunday morning, before returning to the airport for our flight at 15.20
- A short transfer from the airport to our accommodation. (About 15 minutes by the airport bus to Bergamo station, our hotel was a few minutes walk away
- Has a mix of things to see and do (a bit of culture, some eating and drinking! with some local character and atmosphere.
Bergamo ticked all the boxes!
This time I stayed in Citta Bassa.
We arrived to brilliant sunshine, but looking out of my hotel window, I saw that the sky had darkened - we'd only stepped a few feet from our hotel, and the heavens opened! Sheltering from the rain, we spotted a bus that was heading to Citta Alta, and ran for it! A few minutes later, we alighted at the funicular stop.
It was nice to be back here, showing 'my gang' the delights of the old town.
In the Palazzo Vecchie, we enjoyed our first 'holiday drink' at Bar Flora, where I'd been a few times during my last visit, before dashing up the Torre Civica, to catch the stunning views, before it closed. The snow covered Alps, with the sun shining on them were quite breath taking.
Our plan to go back to the hotel to shower and change before returning to eat altered. We decided to stay and eat at Restaurante Pizzeria Franco, which was a good choice.
Spotting the Tucan Irish pub, we popped in for a nightcap. Little did we know then, that we'd be the 'last ones standing'. Gone 2am, we left the bar for a walk back to our hotel - The funicular having closed a few hours previously
Next morning, we caught the train to Milan, and spent a few hours there. (To be honest, I found the bit that we saw of Milan to be quite underwhelming!
As our weekend was to celebrate Patsys 50th Birthday, we planned a surprise for her - champagne served on the hotel terrace. The hotel kindly provided a handsome waiter to serve our drinks - Patsy was quite overcome with emotion!
As it was quite late, we decided to eat near our hotel , rather than venture upto the old town. We had a great meal at the Restaurante Piemontese, followed by cocktails at Bar Code 212.
Sunday am, we spent a few hours wandering around Citta Bassa. A cycle race had just ended, but we got to see some of the prize giving, before a spot of window shopping, and browsing the stalls of a food market. We lost track of time, resulting in a sprint back to our hotel to grab our cases, and catching the bus back to the airport.
A 3rd visit for May 2011 was planned 'in secret' !! Gillybob, leics and myself had realised that Bergamo was an ideal location for a Euro Meet, our proposal was accepted and ****
June 1st -3rd 2012 Bergamo is the location for EurMeet 2012 Chosen due to it's excellent location, transport links, character and ooodles of things to see and do here or nearby!
December 9th - 12th Gilly and I returned to Bergamo - mainly to book 3 restaurants for EurMeet. Thanks to pollon (Chiara), who joined us on the Saturday with Alex, we booked the first one, then by Monday morning, all 3 were booked.
We also enjoyed a spot of Christmas shopping at the Christmas Markets in Citta Bassa.
MARCH 23-28th 2012Gillybob and I visited Bergamo for a final reccy before EurMeet. Once again pollon and Alex joined us. We 'tested' some new restaurants/bars and took the tram to Albino too.
EurMeet June 2012 Worked out fine!
November 29th - December 2nd - Gillybob, Yumyum and myself will be visiting Bergamo - looking forward to meeting up with TI crowd!
- Pros:Photogenic town! Plenty to see and do! Access to other towns/ cities and The Lakes
- Cons:The stony roads and pavements- Ouch, my feet!!!
- In a nutshell:Two Cities in One - The Best of both worlds!
I booked this through Booking. Com, due to price, location and facilities. Having visited Bergamo a few times... more travel advice
The area around the train station/bus station at night is probably the place to be careful. As in all cities, these... more travel advice
- See All Historical Trattoria in Citta Bassa
- See All Wine, Whisky and .....
- See All Tram to Albino
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- "My Tale of Two Cities!"
- "A tale of two (Italian) cities"
- "Town of two parts......"
- "Bergamo Città Alta, what a beautiful discovery!"
- "My 'Bèrghem'"
- "MEDIEVAL BERGAMO"
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