"Sound of Nature" Artvin Ili by RUMISABUNCU

Artvin Ili Travel Guide: 69 reviews and 219 photos

ARTVIN

Artvin is an authentic tourism place that contains various tourism values with festivals, it's traditional architecture, historical churches, fauna and flora riches, castles and arched bridges, green plateaus, black roses, crater lakes placed at highs of mountains, natural virgin forests, mountains heights to 3900 meter arrange order by following each other, perpendicular sloped long valleys and coruh river divide province in two parts.

Artvin

Surrounded by forests, the main interests for visitors are the 9th to 11th century Georgian Churches. The valleys around Artvin are famous for their honey, including the “deli bal” mentioned by Xenophon in the Anabasis. South of Artvin towards Yusufeli, there are a series of churches. Further south is Tortum Gorge and its lovely waterfall. Another attraction for those who like hiking, mountain climbing, and wild flowers is the Kackar Mountains near the village Camlihemsin west of Artvin.

History of Artvin

Artvin had been called as Çoroksi, Çorok, Kollehis, Klarceti and as Livane during the Ottoman period. The source and date of this name is not known exactly. But it is understood that the first names are related with Çoruh River. The history of Artvin is thought to go back till 3000 B.C., that is, the Bronze Age, taking as a basis the copper axes accidentally found around Demirköy in Yusufeli and Meşeli in Şavşat Districts. According to Ksenophon who had passed from the region in 4th century B.C., tribes like Kolkhs, Makarons and Taoks had lived in Aıtvin and its periphery. Geographist Strabon, who lived in 1 st century B.C. says that Artvin and its periphery had been dominated by local kingdoms during domination of Rome over Anatolia. After that, it was dominated by Arsaklı and Sasan Kingdoms and by Bagratlı Kingdom under the auspices of the Byzantium in the Middle Age. After 1015 with the beginning of Seljukian attacks had been tried to be tiffened with Saltuklular in the l2th century. After the Mongolian invasion it was dominated by İlhanlılar, Cıldır Atabekleri, Temur and Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlu and Safevi States.

The Ottoman sovereignty which began in the time of Yavuz Sultan Selim was completed with the conquest of Ardanuç Castle, capital of Atabekler, in 1 551 by İskender Paşa, Governor of Erzurum, in the time of Süleyman the Magnificent. During the Ottomân time, Hopa and Borçka were subject to Trabzon, and Artvin, Ardanuç, Şavşat and Yusufeli were subject to Çıldır State whose capital was Ahiska. Çıldır was lost after the defeat of the Ottomans against Russia in 1828 and the units subject to Çıldır were included in Erzurum State. After the War in 1877 - 1878 the Ayastafanos Agreement was signed on 3rd March 1878 and Artvin, Ardanuç, Borçka, Şavşat and Kemalpaşa village of Hopa were left to the Russia as war compensation. As per the Brest - Litovsk Treaty signed on 3rd March 1918, Russians withdrew from Artvin. After that, Artvin was invaded by England and Georgia but taken back on 23rd February 1921 as a result of the endeavors of Grand National Assembly. This situation became definite as a result of the Moscow Treaty signed o 1 6th March 921 .Artvin was established as a county and became a province on 24th April 1924.

A winding drive midway up a mountain side takes you to Artvin, the capital of its province. At the foot of the escarpment, a ruined 16th century castle crowns a rock outcrop. Artvin is a charming city beautiful old Turkish houses, typical of the region. The areas mild climate makes summer visits delightfully refreshing and every June, crowds of tourists, as well as brightly-clad locals, throng to the Kafkasor Festival, where the spectacle of bulls fighting each other highlights the celebration. The adventurous might like to attempt white-water rafting on the wild, romantic Coruh River. During the Middle Ages, this area came under Georgian sovereignty. The Artvin area is the best place for touring remains of the Georgian pasts; its wonderfully scenic roads lead to the ruined churches and settlements that stands as a legacy of this period. The best preserved of these are at Barhal and Ishan, in the awesame Kackar Mountains. Barhal offers some of the best country horseback riding. Several other churches, in Bagbasi and Camliyamac, are just of the road to Erzurum, which passes by the Tortum Waterfalls and the pristine Tortum Lake. Near Yusufeli are other Georgian churches and settlements: Dortkilise, Koprugoren, and Tekkale. East of Artvin, Ardanuc, formerly the Georgian capital has a famous castle, which overlooks the longest canyon in the region.

  • Last visit to Artvin Ili: Jun 2004
  • Intro Written Mar 25, 2005
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