"Land of the Prophet" Top 5 Page for this destination Medina by Manyana
Medina Travel Guide: 134 reviews and 378 photos
- Medina is the second holy city in Islam where Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) immigrated to 1400 years ago.
- Location:in the western region of the Kingdom and 5 hours driving north east to Jeddah--Mintaqat al Madinah al Munawarah. It's a hilly area that 625 m above the sea level, fertile and full of flowers and palms flowers since it used to be a volcanic area.
- Spots and Importance: It also has got an international airport that receives pilgrims and visitors of the Prophet., and many religious sightseeings from the cemetery of Baqee to the Holy Mosque of the Prophet.
- Name: it used to be called Yathreb in the pre-Islamic era. When the Prophet immigrated, the name changed to al Madina al Munawarah which means 'the Enlightened City'
- Weather: usually dry and hot in summer and cool and a bit rainy in winter: 15 C-45 C.
- History: In 622, Medina became the seat of Muhammad's growing movement after the Hijra. In 622 Mohammad was invited to come and live in and act as a sort of governor. Medina in those times was a divided city. Different clans and religions were eternally quarrelling and bickering and Muhammad brought unity to the city. All parties agreed to a pact drawn up by Muhammad and his followers. He invited all people in the city to follow the new religion of Islam. However, he had trouble convincing the Jews
(who were actually quite large) that Islam was the true version of Judaism. In the ten years following the Hijra, Medina formed the base from which Muhammad attacked and was attacked and it was from here that he marched on Makkah, becoming its ruler without battle. Even when Islamic rule was established Medina remained for some years the most important city of Islam and the de facto capital of the Caliphate. Under the first four Caliphs, known as the Righteous Caliphs, the Islamic empire expanded rapidly and came to include centres of learning such as Jerusalem, Ctesiphon, and Damascus. After the death of Ali; The fourth caliph, Islam was divided into Shiite and Sunnite. Then, Muawiyya transferred the capital to Damascus where he established a new Islamic state called al Amawiyah. In 1924 the city, which had been in Ottoman hands for centuries, fell to Ibn Saud, whose empire later became Saudi Arabia.
- Often said that al Madina is a good city. If some resident has a good heart, lives respectfully there, and eventually falls in love with al Madina, al Madina will love them back. So they will live there forever.
- Islamic poets often *dream* of seeing the Green Dome where the Prophet was laid to rest..."Oh the Green Dome, we have lost our senses, taken by your beauty"
- Who is buried in al Madina will be in the company of the Prophet since it is called Madinat al Rasool or the Messenger's City
- Pros:people are good, religious sightseeings
- In a nutshell:Land of the Prophet
Although Medina is the second Holy City in the Islamic world, and has got too many historical and religious... more travel advice
Getting to Medina is really easy, either by plane, car, or buses; all are available. The cheapest way to get there is by... more travel advice
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