"Sufetula" Sbeitla by JLBG
Sbeitla Travel Guide: 21 reviews and 65 photos
Sbeitla, Sufetula as it was named is built on the edges of Central Tunisia steppes. It is one of the finest antiquity locations of Tunisia. The name of Sufetula is of Berber origin. As soon it was integrated in the Roman Empire it became a municipe, and later a colonia, which means it was fully integrated economically and culturally to the Roman world. When Christianization took over, it became a bishopry. After the Vandales period, it was ruled by the Byzantins that made it their capital. In 647 BC, it was taken by the Arab army of Abdallah Ibn Salah.
Contrary to Dougga, Sufetula is built on the classical Roman’s plan with straight streets. It has an impressive forum with three Temples, a Theater in good condition and an amphitheater poorly preserved, several churches (the Church of Bellator, the Church of Vitalis, the Church of Servus the Priest), several fountains, 2 Public baths (the Main Baths and the Small Baths) and Byzantine forts. A fine antiquity museum has now been created.
Although there is no inscription to indicate to whom they were dedicated, it is generally assumed that the Capitol was dedicated to the three divinities of the official Roman Pantheon, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. Instead of building a single temple divided into three chapels or niches as, for example, one finds at Dougga, the builders at Sbeitla conceived a far more grandiose project for their town and built a temple for each divinity. Specialists outline this was only attempted once elsewhere, given the cost of the project. To give unity to the ensemble the central temple was fronted by a tribune without steps, and one acceded to the central temple through the two lateral temples; one can easily imagine the scared processions moving from each extremity of the forum and symmetrically converging on the central temple, which was more opulently decorated and adorned than the other two.
The Arch of Triumph to the Tetrarchy was built in honor of the four Emperors (the Tetrarchate) who jointly ruled the... more travel advice
This close-up on the capital of a column allows to see that it is adorned with acanthus leaves. The use of acanthus... more travel advice
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