"THE CITY OF THE SPIES...PESHAWAR" Top 5 Page for this destination Peshawar by WAHEEDASLAM

Peshawar Travel Guide: 242 reviews and 333 photos

Land of Pathans...

THE North Frontier Province, or NWFP runs over 1,100 km(680 miles) along the border of Afghanistan. Peshawar is its capital, and the Vale of Peshawar ,fertile and well watered by the Kabul and swat rivers,is its heart. This was also the heart of the ancient kingdom of Gandhara anr rich in archaeological remains. Hospitality reigns in this land of contrast and beauty. Peshawar has enjoyed the reputation of being the center of attraction for tourists since centuries. The Capital and the largest city of the North West Frontier Province (N.W.F.P), Peshawar, has enjoyed tremendous historical, Military and political importance because of the Khyber Pass which has been a vintage point as a gateway for invaders of the sub-continent. The N.W.F.P capital is divided into three sections, the old city, cantonment and a modern residential area.

History of Peshawar:

Peshawar derives its name from a Sanskrit word "Pushpapura", meaning the city of flowers. Peshawar's flowers were even mentioned in Mughal Emperor Babur's memoirs.
Peshawar is old, so old that its origins are lost in antiquity, founded over 2,000 years ago by the Kushan Kings of Gandhara, it has had almostas many names as rulers.

After the Kushan era, Peshawar declined into an obscurity not broken until the 16th century. Mughul emperor Babar came to Pesahwar, he found a city called Begam and rebuilt the fort there, in 1530. His grandson, Akber, formally gave the name Peshawar which means "The Place at the Frontier" and much improved the bazaars and fortifications. Earlier it had been known as the "City of Flowers" and the "City of Grain". In the days of the Kushan King it was called the "Lotus Land".Sher Shah Suri, his successor, turned Peshawar renaissance into a boom when he ran his Dehli-to-Kabul Shahi Road through the Khyber Pass. Thus Mughals turned Peshawar into "City of Flower" by planting trees and laying out gardens.Peshawar was the center of Buddist Gandhara civilization and an important place of pilgrimage. As Buddhism declined in international importance, Peshawar also fell on hard times.

In the 9th century the provincial capital was shifted by the Hindu Shahi kings to Hund on the Indus. After the invasion of Mahmood of Ghazni, all traces of gentle, artistic Gandhara were lost. The great Babur marched through historic Khyber Pass to conquer South Asia in 1526 and setup the Mughal Empire in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent Peshawar not regain any of its former glories until the advent of the Mughals in the 16th century.

When Marco Polo visited Peshawar province in 1275 or there about, he found a place "The people have peculiar language, they worship idols and have an evil disposition". But these days Pathan hospitality is legendary, and since conversion to Islam, worshipping idols has ceased.

General Information

Population: 750,000
Area: 77 sq. km. (30 sq. miles)
Climate: Peshawar climate regarded as Pakistan's healthiest climate.

Winter (Nov-Feb):
Min:3.89 'C(39 'F)
Max.25.56 'C(78 'F)

Spring (Mar-Apr)
Min:8.33 'C(47 'F)
Max.33.33 'C(92 'F)

Summer (May-Oct.)
Min:18.89 C(66 'F)
Max.41.11 'C(106 'F)

GETTING TO PESHAWAR:
Peshawar is linked by Air to a dozen Pakistani towns and cities (including Karachi,Lahore and Islamabad-Rawalpindi), and even to Europe via Dubai.It is the last stop for the tourists on the national rail system. Bus & minibus services run between peshawar & Islamabad(three or four hours), the valleys of Swat ,Dir and Chitral to the north and,for the adventurous,the the desert towns to the south beyond Kohat. You should only visit Peshawar in cool weather; it is unpleasantly hot here from May through August.

  • Intro Updated May 12, 2004
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Reviews (25)

Comments (5)

  • JohnniOmani's Profile Photo
    May 8, 2008 at 7:35 PM

    would like to see someone not copy text here, your tip info is the same as another.

  • chewy3326's Profile Photo
    Aug 29, 2006 at 10:26 AM

    What a spectacular and interesting city! Khyber Pass and the forts all look very impressive, great information and photos!

  • AliJoe's Profile Photo
    May 24, 2004 at 9:50 AM

    Talk About Pehawar , Khyber Pass Never Left in My Memory...Pushtoons, Roti , Chai & Landil Kotal Always in My Heart, TQ..

  • deecat's Profile Photo
    May 18, 2004 at 7:42 AM

    So thorough! My favorites: Steam train (amazing), Bazaar, shopping tips (excellent), Peshawar Museum, Warrior's graves, Balahisar Fort, Clock Tower, and The Place of Remembrance. Super job.

  • Eddie101's Profile Photo
    May 11, 2004 at 6:24 AM

    A great page full of valuable info for the visitor, really enjoyed reading it.....Thx :o)

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