"Mauthausen Concentration Camp" Top 5 Page for this destination Mauthausen by alancollins
Mauthausen Travel Guide: 44 reviews and 124 photos
Mauthausen was established in 1938, in Austria and is about 6 miles from the city of Linz. Up until 1942, the camp was primarily a camp and killing centre for 'undesirable political prisoners" from Germany, as well as opposition persons from occupied countries. In 1942, the decision was made to expand the industry in the camp and sub camps. The camp population grew from about 15,000 in early 1943 to 84,000 in March, 1945. Large numbers of Jews did not begin to arrive until the middle of 1944. About 200,000 prisoners are estimated to have passed through the camp of which 119,000 died, including about 38,000 Jews. The camp was not an 'extermination' camp as defined by the Nazis, but a camp where prisoners were worked to death.
Because of the harsh regime at Mauthausen Concentration Camp it was one of the most feared camps to be sent to. The camp was given a Rating III the only other camp with this rating was the sub camp at Gusen. It was used for extermination by labour. There were 101 sub camps spread out throughtout Austria.
This was originally the site of the SS Barracks and it was located between the main camp and the quarry steps. In 1949... more travel advice
There are 186 steps on the stairs of death. The prisoners were forced to carry 25 kgs blocks of granite on their back up... more travel advice
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