"Ahvaz" Ahvaz by omidamini

Ahvaz Travel Guide: 25 reviews and 27 photos

Ahvaz

Capital of wealthy Khuzestan province in the southwest Iran, and bordering on cities such as Shushtar and Dezful to the north, Ramhormoz to the east, Shadegan, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Abadan, and Khorramshahr to the south, Ahwaz is situated on both banks of Karun river. Being an oil center, a transportation hub, and an industrial city with flourishing Metallurgical, petrochemical, textile, sugar cane, power generating, and food processing industries, it occupies an area of. more than 200 square kilometers. It is terribly hot and humid in spring and summer. Its population amounts to more than 1,000,000, mainly Shi'ite Muslims.. Its elevation from the sea level is only 18 meters. The best season for traveling to Ahwaz and the whole Khuzestan province is from January to late April.

As an ancient city, its name appears in many inscriptions of ancient Iran. Its original name, according to archaeological evidence is said to have been Oxin. Achaemenians called it Avaz or Avaja. During the Sassanian period (3rd century AD), Ahwaz was rebuilt by Ardashir I, who named i~ Hormuzd-Ardashir. In the 4th century AD, Ahwaz became a seat of bishopric, and a large church was built there. However, it was renamed to Souq al-Ahwaz following the Arab Conquest. It was an important trading center with Arab world in the 12th and .13th centuries but later declined. During the Qajar period a harpor was built by the order of Nasser odDin Shah ( during whose reign the town was called Nasseri) not far from the present location of Ahwaz on the Karun river for trading purposes; and the river was opened to foreign trade in 1888. Finally, it was called Ahwaz and designated as the capital of Khuzestan province during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1924.

Karun is a 900-km long river that rises in the Zagros mountains, west Iran, and flows south to the Arvand (or Shatt olArab) on the Iraqi border. Since the construction of Trans-Iranian Railway during World War II the Karun river has been navigable up to Ahwaz for shallow drift vessels; rapids prevent further upstream passage except during high water in April and May. Five bridges connect both parts of the town. Two of these bridges are A) Railway Bridge and, locally known as Pol-e Felezi; and B) Suspension Bridge, both built by the order of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1932 and 1935, respectively. The discovery of oil nearby in the early 20th century restored the city to its former importance. The modern part of Ahwaz, the administrative and industrial center, is on the right bank of the Karun river, but the population is still concentrated in the old section on the left bank. Ahwaz is linked by road, rail, and oil pipelines to Tehran and to ports on the Persian Gulf. During the 8-year Iraq-Iran War and the Holy Defense against Iraqi aggression, the city served as major logistics and resistance center. It was severely attacked and damaged by the enemy during the war. The city has little to offer the sightseer, and for most foreigners it is no more than a convenient staging post for a tour of the ,region. Good 'asphalt roads radiate from Ahwaz to all parts of the province, particularly to Abadan, Andimeshk, Chogha Zanbil, Dezful, Khorramshahr, Shilshtar, and Susa.

  • Intro Updated Feb 10, 2014
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