"Kermanshah" Kermanshah by omidamini

Kermanshah Travel Guide: 10 reviews and 22 photos


The capital of Kermanshahan Province, in an altitude of 1,630 m above sea level, Kermanshah is 525 km to the southwest of Tehran. It can be reached either by air or via Hamadan (190 km), partly on a highway and partly on a first-class national asphalt road.
Being a populous city of 631,199 inhabitants, mainly Kurds, Kermanshah stands, like Hamadan, on the great highway that connected Baghdad and the West with Iranian Plateau. The town's situation is highly picturesque, and it is one of the liveliest market-centers of the province, where you will meet a large number of Kurds and mountain peasants once famous as warriors. These Kurds still speak their own language among themselves and remain faithful to their testamentary traditions: the men wear large turbans on their heads and black dungarees tight at the waist and at the ankles. The women wear trousers and bright-colored scarves and sometimes brocade bodices, but they are mostly changing into urban type of dress, particularly in towns.

First built on a site a few km from the present town, it probably dates from the 4th century AD. Its vulnerable position has always rendered It liable to incursions, and it was in turn captured by the Arabs in 649 AD, the Buyids in the l0th century, soon after by the Seljuks, and then sacked by Mongols in the early 13th century. After several centuries of relative peace and prosperity, its strategic position on the road to Baghdad brought trouble in the form of very heavy Iraqi missile and bomb attacks during the Iraq war against Iran.
Modern Kermanshah is an important agricultural and a burgeoning industrial center~ In the surrounding country fruit of many kinds is grown; another local product is sugar beet. Carpet weaving and manufacture of givehs (canvas-covered shoes like the Spanish alpargata in appearance) have long been carried on in the town. Since the construction of an oil refinery on the banks of Qara Su river in 1935, motor spirit and other petroleum products have been processed there for consumption in northern and northwestern Iran.
However, the present Kermanshah does not seem to be of any great interest, especially for a foreign visitor. And although it is not, relative)y speaking, an old town, there are some very ancient remains in its neighborhood, which suffice to attract the attention of the interested tourist. It has a beautiful setting, framed by permanently snow-clad mountains. Kermanshah is best avoided in winter, but the climate is very pleasant for most of the rest of the year.

Buildings and places of interest around Kermanshah are as follows: the Rock Carvings and Inscriptions of Darius I at Bisotun, 32 km east of Kermanshah, in addition to which you will see the relief of a bearded reveler {probably Hercules) with a goblet of wine recently discovered near the main road; the Relife and Inscriptions at Taq-e Bostan; the two Staircases of the Temple of Anahita at Kangavar; the Taq-e Gara {believed to be Sassanian, but the actual date is the subject of much controversy) near the top of the Pay-e Taq pass, approximately 90 km west of the town; the Ruins of Dinavar {dating from the Seleucid era to the late 14th century AD), 45 km east-northeast of the town; the Mound of Kambadene {from Achaemenian to Sassanian times), just to northeast of Kermanshah; and Dokkan-e Davoud {David's Shop), a Median Tomb of 7th century BC, 3 km from Sar-e Pol-e Zahab, which shows a praying man on a rock niece.

Giveh is the name of a sort of traditional foot-wear made from strong, coarse cotton cloth in Iran since many centuries ago. The upper cotton is sewn to a leather sole to make one of the coolest, most comfortable, I and sturdy traditional shoes that exist in I the world. In northwestern, western, and central parts of Iran, people have I traditionally worn givehs. When it comes to making these traditional shoes for women, the giveh-makers spend longer I time, particularly when they decide to I decorate the upper surface with beautiful designs. The upper cloth may be either of cotton or silk, and the quality of the material used for the sole depends on the income and social status of the people for whom gives are made. The best quality giveh is produced in Kermanshlh and Abadeh.

  • Intro Updated Jul 2, 2012
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