"Qum" Qom by omidamini

Qom Travel Guide: 4 reviews and 35 photos

Qum

Tehran's largest neighbor with an area of 10, 743 square km on a low plain and 930 meters above sea level, Qum Province borders on Tehran and Semnan provinces to the north, Esfahan to the south, and Central Province to the East. On route to Esfahan, Kashan, Yazd, and Kerman by train or bus (on Tehran-Qum highway), Qum as the capital of the province has easy access to Saveh and Tafresh to the northwest; Mahallat and Delijan to the southwest, and Kavir and Salt Lake to the east. Its population according to the latest census amounts to more than 1,200,000 inhabitants. It can be conveniently visited in a day from Tehran.
With an average annual rainfall of 14 mm according to the meteorological reports of the last 20 years, it lies in a hot sandy hollow between the mountains of Kashan and the Great Salt Desert, and thus, it belongs in climate, scenery and architecture to the desert rather than to the Alborz region; here you see the first bad- girs (wind-towers) and aab-anbaars (water-storage buildings), and a few kilometers further on the first palm trees.
Qum has always been a leading center of Shi'ism. The late Imam Khomeini and countless other religious figures studied and thought theology here, and the town played a particularly strong role in the anti-Shah movement, as well as throughout the Islamic Revolution. It is a major pilgrimage site (with more than 300 Imamzadehs buried therein), and aspirant mullahs come here from all over Iran and other countries of the world for training in numerous seminaries of Howzeh-ye Elmieh, consisting of many mosques and schools.
The most famous seminaries of Qum are:
I. Madraseh Feizieh, originally built about 600 years ago. This school was twice attacked by the Shah's secret police during the last thirty five years, as a result of which many religious students and teachers were either arrested and imprisoned or killed.
2. Madraseh Hojjatieh, used as a boarding school mainly for foreign students.
3. Madraseh Oar osh-Shafa, originally built during the Qajar period it was totally demolished and reconstructed after the victory of the Islamic Revolution.
4. Madraseh Ma'sumieh, the construction works of which was completed in 1989, and started admitting students from the same year.

  • Last visit to Qom: Sep 2004
  • Intro Written Jul 19, 2005
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Reviews (13)

Comments (7)

  • KiKitC's Profile Photo
    Dec 9, 2009 at 3:05 AM

    Very curious about the Qum sanctuaries. Would love to explore the relief works of these domes. Thanks for sharing.

  • Nemorino's Profile Photo
    Oct 21, 2009 at 12:09 PM

    This looks like a very impressive city!

  • Yaqui's Profile Photo
    May 11, 2009 at 7:47 PM

    Qum Museum looks fabulous and some wonderful important numbers to know, Nice page!

  • NorheimR's Profile Photo
    Mar 27, 2009 at 4:36 AM

    I went to have a look at your tips about Qom. I plan to go there in July . I have been to Iran 3 times but never made it to Qom. Rune

  • globetrott's Profile Photo
    Jan 25, 2009 at 11:40 PM

    wow, great works of art, this place is really worth seeing, thanks for sharing !

  • evaanna's Profile Photo
    Dec 3, 2008 at 7:51 AM

    Sounds like an important religious centre with many things to see.

  • MalenaN's Profile Photo
    Nov 19, 2007 at 12:27 PM

    I have only passed Qom with the bus, but another time I must make a stop there!

omidamini

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