"Monghol Warrior's" Top 5 Page for this destination Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region by Acore_Beauty_4_U_Luv
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Travel Guide: 170 reviews and 410 photos
"Wild, Devil hordes in sheep skin, riding their horses with wild shouts," described Medieval chronicles during the invasion of Mongol armies.
The puzzle remains how the horse riding nomads wearing only sheep skins could defeat the armor protected knights and conquer half of the known world of that time.
In reality, the "hordes" were highly organized, disciplined and trained armies of that time. Divided into units of 10, 100, 1000s, their heavy cavalry was the major attacking force, highly mobile and deadly.
Mongols were good disciples learning all the art of warfare of the predecessors - Huns, Xianbi, Kidans, adopting and their weaponry.
They used armors made of layers of hardened leather combined with metal plates,- light and flexible but providing sufficient protection for riders and horses against arrows and sables.
Before the battle various methods of psychological warfare were used, beginning with spreading heart sickening rumors and using arrows that would howl and roar.
Various battering rams and ballista were strong enough to tear down walls of any castle or citadel. These powerful machines threw various types of shot balls, from stones to pots filled with sewage.
Despite all the efforts of the Chinese emperors to keep the secret of making arms by prohibiting the sale of any metals to the northern neighbors, nomads learned how to melt metals and make own arms.
Their sables are exquisitely made and covered with ornaments. The steel is of such quality that can serve for thousand years," reported Chinese spies about Huns of third century B.C.
The secret of producing gunpowder was also stolen from Chinese. The reports of the testing of "fire" weapon at the Kidan's capital Yanjing as early as June of 1076 shocked the Chinese emperors. Arabic historical chronicles call these canons "Kidan's fires."
Therefore, 100,000 strong army of Chinggis Khaan was well armed and possessed the latest warfare technology available. Hundreds of workshops across the Mongol state produced weapons. A suburb was set up in the capital city of Kharhorin, where skilled craftsmen brought from all corners of the vast empire made bows, arrows, sables and armor.
Special workshops made ballistas, throwing machines and canons. Heavy arms and armor were not the privilege of wealthy nobles only as all warriors were required to maintain full set of equipment.
Each warrior was obligated to have no less than five types of arms, spare stirrups and harness. Other must-have items included a grater to sharpen' arms, fire maker, even needle with a thread.
Not many arms remained from that time as leather armor is not well preserved and all metal pieces were carefully collected after the battles.
But there are many detailed drawings of Mongolian warriors and armors left in Chinese, Iranian, Korean chronicles.
Also the oral epic of 13th century "The Secret History of the Mongols" gives good description of arms and weapons used.
Mongolian armor differed from that of predecessors. Usual armor plates were joined more stiffly making it less flexible but more enduring. Metal plates covered arms and body serving both as magical and real protection.
The word Assassin comes from the Arabic and was only adapted in the Old French, Medievil Latin, Italian and English.... more travel advice
The weapons used by Mongolian warrior were exclusively made. Called "Central Asian" type they influenced the development... more travel advice
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