"The City of Victory" Fatehpur Sikri by atufft
Fatehpur Sikri Travel Guide: 239 reviews and 737 photos
Mughal Emperor Akbar, aged 27 at the time of his conquest of Gujarat and capture of the fort at Ranthambhore (see my pages for Sawai Madhopur), came to the hamlet of Sikri to consult with Shaikh Salim concerning his still childless situation. The Shaikh prophesied three sons, and after the first, Jahangir, was born a great mosque was built. When the Shaikh died in 1572, the marble tomb was built within the complex. When Jahangir was just a year old, construction of the fort and palace complex began and continued until 1585. Emperor Jahangir in his memoirs describes the beauty of the site:
My revered father, regarding the village of Sikri, my birthplace, as fortunate to himself, made it his capital, and in the course of the 14 or 15 years the hills and deserts, which abounded in beasts of prey, were converted into a magnificent city, comprising numerous gardens, elegant edifices, and pavilions of great beauty. After the conquest of Gujarat, the village was named Fatehpur, the town of victory.
Thus, whereas the Red Fort and Taj Mahal have natural settings by a sacred river, within close proximity to rich agricultural resources, Fatehpur Sikri is a palace of escape and meditation to an otherwise thirsty hill area above the plain. Fatehpur Sikri is though a completely engineered town of sorts that has gardens, watered by an engineered water distribution system, palaces with views across the plain, and mosque, all built largely in red sandstone. Fatehpur Sikri, which means "city of victory", is an appropriate name for such an outstanding complex of Mughal art and power. However, the complex was only used for 15 years due to its impractical location as a government seat of power, as troubles in the north-western frontier of Akbar's empire required he move his court to Lahore.
While Akbar himself was illiterate, he took a keen interest in literature, architecture, and the arts. He is also reputed to be a very tolerant ruler, and the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri blended both Islamic and Hindu elements in their architectural style. One of the buildings even reflects the new sycretistic faith founded by Akbar, Din-e-ilahi, which though very short-lived remains a matter of controversy. The tomb of the Sufi Shaikh Salim remains the most important marble edifice of this otherwise largely red sandstone complex. The engineers at Fatehpur Sikri overcame many obstacles regarding the supply and management of water in this hillside city. The views of the valley below are spectacular, and today the community around this UNESCO World Heritage site remains vibrant. However, at the time, the capitol could not be sustained there for lack of a reliable water supply. Son Jahangir and grandson Shah Jahan removed the capital back to Agra Fort, a more practical location for the center of power in India at the time. Thus, Fatehpur Sikri predates the Taj Mahal and the structures at the Agra Fort built by Shah Jahan.
- Pros:Second Only to Taj Mahal in Agra Area
- Cons:Its a drive uphill and the town doesn't have a lot to offer otherwise.
- In a nutshell:In four words: UNESCO World Heritage Site
I have a few images not properly catalogued, and a couple more of familiar places taken from yet a different angle. I... more travel advice
The names for these familiar games in Hindu, I don't know, but it's likely that Indian girls played these even before... more travel advice
atufft's Related Pages
Fatehpur Sikri Travel Guide
Member Travel Pages
- "Keeweechic's Fatehpur Sikri"
- "The GRAND center of Akbar's world...for 15 years."
- "Fatehpur Sikri - The Abandoned City"
- "AN ABANDONED CITY-AKBARS FATEHPUR SIKRI"
- "Fatehpur Sikri-Victory town!!"
- "Fatehpur Sikri"
- "Fathepur Sikri"
- See All...
- Things to Do in Fatehpur Sikri
- Hotels in Fatehpur Sikri
- Transportation in Fatehpur Sikri
- Restaurants in Fatehpur Sikri
- Shopping in Fatehpur Sikri
- Warnings and Dangers in Fatehpur Sikri
- See All...
Explore the World
Badges & Stats in Fatehpur Sikri
- 12 Reviews
- 48 Photos
- 0 Forum posts
- 4 Comments
- See All Stats
- See All Badges (79)
Have you been to Fatehpur Sikri?Share Your Travels
Latest Activity in Fatehpur Sikri
- Posted in Travel United States of America Forum "Re: Across America"
- Commented on one of 850prc's Fatehpur Sikri travel pages
- Wrote a Review Miscellaneous Palace Images in Fatehpur Sikri Things to Do
- Uploaded a Photo to "Miscellaneous Palace Images"
- updated a Fatehpur Sikri Travel Page "The City of Victory"
Top 10 Pages
- Top 5 Page for this destination San Francisco Intro, 202 reviews, 759 photos
- Yosemite National Park Intro, 63 reviews, 229 photos
- Top 5 Page for this destination Copán Intro, 48 reviews, 213 photos
- Top 5 Page for this destination Luxor Intro, 47 reviews, 198 photos
- Top 5 Page for this destination Detroit Intro, 41 reviews, 181 photos
- New York City Intro, 41 reviews, 155 photos
- Top 5 Page for this destination Columbus Intro, 41 reviews, 150 photos
- Top 5 Page for this destination Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument Intro, 33 reviews, 152 photos
- New Orleans Intro, 41 reviews, 134 photos
- Top 5 Page for this destination Udaipur Intro, 37 reviews, 137 photos