"Manzanar National Historic Site" Manzanar by Yaqui
Manzanar Travel Guide: 20 reviews and 58 photos
When Japan’s attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, plunging the United States into World War II. Racial prejudices and paranoia changed the lives of 120,000 men, women, and children of Japanese ancestry living in the United States. In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing the Secretary of War to establish camps by removing anyone from those areas who might threaten the war effort. Without due process and against the very core of the Constitution, the government barely gave anyone of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast only days to decide what to do with their houses, farms, businesses, and other possessions. Most families sold all their belongings at a loss, rented properties to neighbors, while some left possessions with friends or religious groups. Others either abandoned their property or while many just burned their belongings. Each family was assigned an identification number and transported by cars, buses, trucks, and trains, taking only what they could carry on their backs. They were transported under military guard to 17 temporary assembly centers located in Washington, Oregon, California, and Arizona. Then from there were moved to one of 10 hastily built relocation centers that were inadequate to keep warm during winters, harsh winds and keeping cool during the soaring temperatures of Owens Valley summer months.
Owens Valley has been home to the Native Americans for almost 10,000 years. The Paiute tribe have lived and hunted in this very valley for 1,500 years that had established the first real settlements. They hunted, fished, and knew how to irrigated their agriculture.
Miners and ranchers eventually moved into the valley by the early 1860s and homesteaded here too raising their cattle, sheep, fruit, wheat, and other crops. Tension erupted from many killings over cattle since the Paiutes were being starved to death. The military was called in and forcibly relocated nearly 1,000 Owens Valley Paiute as they so many died on the trail from starvation and exhaustion to Fort Tejon in 1863. Fortunately, the Paiute did return to their home land of Owens Valley.
The town of Manzanar is the Spanish word for “apple orchard”. In 1910 an agricultural settlement was started by farmers that grew apples, pears, peaches, potatoes, and alfalfa on several thousand acres surrounding the town.
Sadly, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power began acquired water rights to Owens Valley in 1905 and once the Los Angeles Aqueduct was completed in 1913, that land was bought up by 1929 and soon the town was abandoned.
- Pros:A place for all to learn from.
- Cons:No services, other than town north and south.
- In a nutshell:More than just rocks and dust!
Be sure to read as many exhibits and displays. There is so much to learn from here, this one touch my heart... more travel advice
This is a stunning monument and it is very tranquil at the cemetry especially with the beautiful mountain landscape in... more travel advice
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- "Manzanar National Historic Site"
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- "Manzanar National Historic Site"
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