"Casa Grande National Monument~ "Great House"" Casa Grande National Monument by Yaqui

"ho-ho-KAHM" ~all gone.

After a long battle with the desert, this ancient building still commands respect. Four stories high and 60 feet long, it is the largest known structure from Hohokam times. Early Spanish explorers called it Casa Grande "Great House", and to them it was a mystery. Archeologist Emil Haury called the Hohokam's the "First Maters of the American Desert." Their origins lay with the Archaic hunter-gathers who lived in Arizona for several thousand years, but Hohokam drew also from Mesoamerican civilization. By 300 CE(Common Era), a distinct Hohokam culture was in place along the Gila and Salt rivers and their tributaries. Like other southwestern farming people, they lived in permanent settlements, made pottery,and grew crops from diverted water from the river. Sadly, by the time Father Eusebio Kino arrived around 1694 this once flourishing village was abandoned. The local Pima Tribe called their ancestors "ho-ho-KAHM," meaning "all gone" or "all used up."

Casa Grande Ruins are the Classical period component of a much larger settlement that existed for centuries. People shifted locations over time as the site grew and expanded. The settlement originated during the Late Pioneer and Colonial periods about one mile east of the Great House. Sedentary period material is found throughout the monument. Reorganization of the community occurred during the Classic period and the settlement location shifted to Casa Grande Ruins. The arrangement of the architectural features and space was apparent beginning with the earliest villages. The Classic period represent a massive pulbic works era where hundreds of people worked and contributed towards the overall community interest.

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument was the first cultural and prehistoric site to be protected by the United States government. It was set aside in 1892 by President Benjamin Harrison.

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  • Last visit to Casa Grande National Monument: Jan 2011
  • Intro Updated May 9, 2016
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Reviews (10)

Comments (8)

  • Regina1965's Profile Photo
    Nov 5, 2013 at 9:20 AM

    Amazing ruins!

  • balhannah's Profile Photo
    Sep 17, 2013 at 3:48 AM

    Thanks for sharing this interesting place and for your good photo's!

    • Yaqui's Profile Photo
      Sep 18, 2013 at 7:39 AM

      Thank you Dee for visiting. I am surprized that not more folks stop here. It is an amazing sight to see. I am glad I made the family do a side trip. Thanks again!

  • LoriPori's Profile Photo
    Oct 15, 2012 at 3:49 AM

    Such an impressive structure and made from 3,000 tons of mud. Wow!

    • Yaqui's Profile Photo
      Oct 15, 2012 at 5:06 PM

      It is an amazing site. It almost doesn't look real. I am not sure if I was more impressed with the ancient structure or that wonderful roof they have put over it. A very fanscinating site. Thank you Lori for visiting my page.

  • ncfg's Profile Photo
    Jun 29, 2012 at 12:34 PM

    Very nice page. xx

  • JLBG's Profile Photo
    Dec 5, 2011 at 12:05 PM

    Wow, this is an impressive place! I never heard of Casa Grande though it seams to be a major historical site. Thank you for this excellent page!

  • toonsarah's Profile Photo
    Nov 23, 2011 at 9:32 AM

    Wow - I looked at your main image a while, and suddenly saw the people and realised how big this place is! Really interesting to see and to read about - thank you :-)

  • deecat's Profile Photo
    Sep 14, 2011 at 4:56 PM

    Outstanding introduction, Dee. Such super photographs, and your written descriptions are always excellent.

  • hunterV's Profile Photo
    Sep 5, 2011 at 9:33 AM

    "Do NOT Feed the Squirrels" - I remember this warning when I was in Washington D.C. Our friendly hosts always told us so....Thanks for your page, Dee!


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