"Sidon" Sidon by sachara

Sidon Travel Guide: 101 reviews and 338 photos

important Phoenician city

The ancient town Sidon or Saida is the largest town in south Lebanon.
Sidon was one of the most important Phoenician cities, but not many remains of the ancient city have survived the ravages of time, like the earthquake in 551 AD.
There is evidence that Sidon was settled as long ago as 4.000 BC.
Like in Tyre much of the wealth of Sidon came from the murex trade, which produced a valued purple dye. Like most Phoenician cities Sidon was built on a promontory facing an island, which sheltered its fleet from storms of the sea.

The Phoenician period began around the 12th to the 10th centuries BC and reached its golden age during the Persian period (550-333 BC) . During this period the Temple of Echmoun, 2KM north east of Sidon, was built.
At the end of the Persian era the Sidonians couldn't resist the forces of invaders. After locking the gates they set fire to the city. More than 40.000 Sidonians died in the flames.
The decimated city was too weak to oppose the triumphal march of Alexander the Great. The Sidonians handed over power to the Greek without struggle.
In the Roman period (64 BC-330 AD) the city became the status of republic, before passing into the hands of the Byzantines. In the Byzantine time Sidon became the seat of the bishophric.
From 667 Sidon came in Arabic hands and was administered from Damascus.

  • Last visit to Sidon: Apr 1995
  • Intro Updated Oct 19, 2003
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Reviews (7)

Comments (10)

  • hunterV's Profile Photo
    Aug 9, 2011 at 11:20 PM

    Such ancient places are nice to visit!~ I would enjoy my visit there too!@

  • kyoub's Profile Photo
    Mar 15, 2009 at 6:23 AM

    Very interesting info about the old Castle and ancient ruins. Nice pictures also.

  • nickandchris's Profile Photo
    Apr 19, 2007 at 4:34 AM

    More fascinating facts......

  • Bwana_Brown's Profile Photo
    Jul 6, 2006 at 8:06 AM

    Very nice photos of these ancient Phoenician and Crusader ruins. It must have been refreshing perched high above the waterfront on the old castle!

  • matcrazy1's Profile Photo
    Apr 12, 2004 at 1:07 PM

    Wonderful page, pics and historical info!

  • Luchonda's Profile Photo
    Dec 5, 2003 at 10:25 AM

    Sidon page - thx to share the history !! yr are a walking encyclopedia

  • shdw100's Profile Photo
    Oct 13, 2003 at 11:11 AM

    Finally got to finish this page! Wonderful updates and information here, Ali!

  • herzog63's Profile Photo
    Oct 12, 2003 at 9:06 AM

    The Khan el Franj photo looks so cool! I love the lighting!! Sidon looks like another of the great towns from the past!

  • DunaKal's Profile Photo
    Oct 12, 2003 at 1:50 AM

    Sanioura is also the name of the family who invented this biscuit,,the same family of the minister of finance,Foaud Al Sanioura. Great tips and pictures.

  • dr.firas's Profile Photo
    Oct 11, 2003 at 10:21 PM

    Bedankt for this very interesting page of Sidon,the Sea Citadel is great! :-)))


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