"Shiraz: Land of Poets and Gardens" Shiraz by aliamiri

Shiraz Travel Guide: 218 reviews and 593 photos

Shiraz: the cultural capital of Iran
Where?

Shiraz city is located in the south of Iran; it's central city of Fars Province and its (Lat/Lon: 29.5° N 52.6° E).
It is built in a green plane at the foot of the Zagros Mountains 1500 metres above sea level.
Shiraz is 920 Km south of Tehran. The city has a land area of about 340 square kilometres which makes it the third largest city in Iran.
A seasonal river flows through the northern part of the city called Rudkhaneye Khoshk which flows into the Maharloo lake, though the river is almost dead these days.

Shiraz with about 1,500,000 inhibitants is the sixth most polulated city of Iran.
Shiraz has a moderate climate with regular seasons.
Shiraz contains a considerable number of gardens. These gardens have given a special feature to the city and really act as the lungs for it.

History

Shiraz is most likely more than 4000 years old. Cuneiform records from the great ceremonial capital of Persepolis show that Shiraz was a significant township in Achaemenid times.

In Islamic perios the Qor'an Gate was a part of the great city wall built under the Buwayhids. The city became provincial capital in 693, after the Arabs conquered Istakhr, the nearby Sassanian capital. As Istakhr fell into decline, Shiraz grew in importance under the Arabs and several local dynasties.

In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, thanks to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. For this reason the city was named by classical geographers Dar al-Elm, the House of Knowledge. Among the important Iranian poets, mystics and philosophers born in Shiraz were the poets Hafez and Saadi and the philosopher Mulla Sadra.

During the 16th century it had a population of 200,000 people. Throughout the Safavid empire (1501–1722) Shiraz remained a provincial capital and Emam Qoli Khan, the governor of Fars under Shah Abbas I, constructed many palaces and ornate buildings in the same style as those built in the same period in Isfahan, the capital of the Empire. After the fall of the Safavids, Shiraz suffered a period of decline, worsened by the raids of the Afghans and the rebellion of its governor against Nader Shah.

Shiraz soon returned to prosperity under the enlightened rule of Karim Khan Zand who made it the capital of his reign in 1762. Employing more than 12,000 workers he constructed a royal district with a fortress, many administrative buildings, a mosque and one of the finest covered bazaars in Iran. However, Karim Khan's heirs failed to secure his gains. When Agha Mohammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar dynasty, eventually came to power, he wreaked his revenge on Shiraz by destroying the city fortification and moving the national capital to Tehran.

Now Shiraz is one of the most important city of Iran in Islamic Republic era and a top tourists destination, due to lots of remianed memories from its great long history.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:History, Culture, Nature, People, everything ...
  • Cons:really nothing; just lack of information, as well as all around Iran!
  • In a nutshell:Should be number one in every Iran itinerary
  • Last visit to Shiraz: Mar 2007
  • Intro Updated Mar 30, 2008
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Reviews (2)

Comments (6)

  • fabrice's Profile Photo
    Sep 23, 2009 at 10:33 PM

    a marvellous city

  • picek's Profile Photo
    Nov 2, 2008 at 5:08 AM

    Salaam, Shiraz looks very nice place to visit. I hope I will see it with my own eyes when I go to Iran (one day). Good luck to your family and hope to see more photos of Iran.

  • reezal's Profile Photo
    Apr 8, 2008 at 3:26 AM

    Thx for the advise& thank u for visiting my jakarta page. Hope to meet u when I'm in iran.

  • yumyum's Profile Photo
    Apr 5, 2008 at 3:17 AM

    I visited Shiraz in 1985 while crossing Iran.

  • omidamini's Profile Photo
    Apr 2, 2008 at 11:19 PM

    Thanks Ali , I visited Shiraz few years ago , i hope can see it again .

  • MalenaN's Profile Photo
    Mar 30, 2008 at 12:03 AM

    Shiraz should defenitly be visited! It is a lovely city!

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