"CAMPECHE - BALUARTES Y PIRATAS" Top 5 Page for this destination Campeche by mtncorg
Campeche Travel Guide: 72 reviews and 215 photos
There were two ports by which Spanish colonialists in New Spain - Mexico - could trade with the Old World: Veracruz and Campeche. Veracruz has always been the main eastern port for Mexico and it still is, being on the direct path to the Valley of Mexico and the heartlands of the country. Campeche became the port for the Mayan peninsula, exporting timber, chicle, local dyewoods for textile dye production, and timber among other items. Prosperity attracted all sorts of folks, worst of which were the pirates - English, French and Dutch - who frequently raided the port and the city - the main pirate port being the nearby Isla del Carmen. A large pirate fleet attacked and captured the city in 1663, slaughtered most of the inhabitants. This led the Spanish Crown to fortify the City - city walls of three meters thick and ‘a ship’s height’ were constructed, along with eight baluartes (fortress bastions). It took 36 years to complete but the fortifications proved pirate-proof and prosperity returned until Mexican independence was achieved. Monopolistic trade was lost and the city declined into an obscure backwater. Only with a road to the main part of Mexico being constructed in the 1950’s and the oil boom of the ‘70’s (though much of that is reserved for the further west communities of Isla del Carmen and Villa Hermosa), did a renewal of sorts begin. Today the City enjoys a modest tourist trade, another stop on the Ruta Maya, thanks to the nearby Edzna ruins. The city walls were torn down, but the balustrades have been renewed - some house museums; one has a small, but very nice botanical garden. The malecon along the seawall is a very pleasant place to walk in the evening and the Parque Principal (zocalo or main square) is also a very pleasant place to hang about and watch the campechanos interact in their easy going manner. Just south of town, is the main port from which many fishing and shrimp boats put forth. There is also a beach there called Playa Bonita, though better beaches exist farther south - Playa Bonita can get very crowded and dirty. Edzna and the old city with the balustrades and the malecon make a visit to Campeche a worthwhile affair when you are touring the Yucatan. The Yucatan also sports-wise tends to be more Caribbean in that baseball is as popular as soccer/football. In the Mexican Leagus (LMB- Liga Mexicana de Beisbol), both Merida and Campeche field teams (as well as nearby Villa Hermosa - the Tobasco Olmecas) and Las Piratas de Campeche were the league champions in 2004, not an insignificant event!
- Pros:History, People, Seafood
- Cons:Beaches are not what you are coming for
- In a nutshell:A historical and laid-back counterpoint to the Cancun Scene
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- "Roadtrip to Campeche and Edzna"
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- "Campeche/Uxmal Ruins"
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