"Helsinki" Helsinki by kris-t
Helsinki Travel Guide: 3,769 reviews and 7,696 photos
Helsinki also called "Stadi" in local slang, is the capital of Finland. It is located in the southern part of Finland on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. The population of Helsinki is about 560,000.
Helsinki forms a conurbation with three other cities, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen, which are together called the capital area. This area has mo than 975,000 citizens.
Founded in 1550 as a rival to the Hanseatic city of Tallinn by the King Gustav I of Sweden, Helsinki struggled in its infancy. For a long time it remained as a small low-key coastal town, overshadowed by the more thriving trade centers in the Baltic region. Construction of the Suomenlinna sea fortress helped to improve its status, but it was not until Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War and annexed Finland as autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 that Helsinki began to truly change.
To help reduce the Swedish influence, tsar Alexander I of Russia had the capital moved from Turku to Helsinki.
This neoclassical Lutheran Cathedral was built in 1830-1852. Interesting that statues of the Apostles made of zinc on... more travel advice
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