Castellina in Chianti Things to Do Tips by croisbeauty
Castellina in Chianti Things to Do: 12 reviews and 33 photos
Piazza del Comune
Piazza del Comune is the main square of this little town with no more then 2,800 inhabitants. In the Middle Ages the town was called Salingolpe. In the early 15th century, due to a very important strategic position, the town became a strong fortress, of which today the Rocca remain. Rocca is magnificent and very well preserved small fortress which today houses the Archaeological Museum.
Piazza del Comune is a typical Tuscanyan small town square, surrounded by very well preserved medieval stone made houses, and a very charming place for a break.
Castellina in Chianti has very long history, probably dating back to the 7th century B.C. There excist donkey traks leading from the mountains down to Castellina, proving of important communication link between large Etruscan cities (Vulci, Vetulonia and Roselle) and the trading centers of Spina in the north.
In the medieval times Castellina had optimal strategic location which guaranteed the controll of all surrounding roads and the valley of the Elsa river. It was once surrounded by mighty walls and defending towers, but had only two gates, one pointed towards Siena, the other towards Florence.
Parts of the defending walls can still be seen today, unfortunatelly most has been integrated into the later construction of houses.
Castellina in Chianti is a charming small town that has retained its medieval appearance which exudes idyllic and undisturben peace. It is just a perfect place for an half day trip.
The name Chianti for wine produced in this region was first mentioned in 1404 in one document of the merchant Francesco Datini from Prato. Production of wine in Chianti has very long history and the wine sort was also called "vin vermiglio". Lega del Chianti was established in order to recognizing the neccessity of issuing some rules concerning the wine cultivation. For example, it was forbidden to start the vintage before September 29th, which was feast day of St. Michael. This automatically eliminated premature vintages, guaranting good quality of wines. Even Dante and Bocaccio knew well "cinnabar grape juice" of the Chianti hills.
In 1924 a consortium for the protection of the Chianti Classico was founded and the name "Gallo Nero" (Black Rooster) was choosen as a trade-mark. In 1967 the Chianti region was granted the D.O.C., nomination securing the controlled name and origin of the wine.
Today the Chianti Classico wine consists of an exactly prescribed mixture of various types of grapes: 90% of Sangiove 75, 10% of red Canaiolo 5, and white grapes of Trebbiano and Malvasia 2 - 5%.
The castle of Castellina dates back to the 15th century and was built by the order of Lorenzo il Manifico, the ruler of Firenze, who sent his famous military architect, Giuliano da Sangallo, to help reinforce of the place.
Nowadays, the atrium of the castle is used for exibiting Etruscan archaeological finds. Unfortunatelly, by the time of my visit the castle was closed for public visitors.
Via delle Volte
Via delle Volte is very impressive arched passage along the east side of the defense city walls. It is also called Pomerium, which means oficially available corridor, and in archaic times was used for sacred rites. Originally, the corridor was without a roof but afterwards it was closed with the buildings.
Chiesa di San Salvatore
The church of San Salvatore originally dates back to the 16th century, but it was rebuilt and extended in neo-romanic style after destruction in WW II. The church keep important 14th century fresco of Madonna by Bicci di Lorenzo. Worth of note is also Renaissance wooden statue of Sant' Barnaba, the former patron sainf of the city.
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