Rome Transportation Tips by mccalpin
Rome Transportation: 699 reviews and 629 photos
In Rome, taxis are normally not hailed on the street, even when empty. Instead, the City has set up 63 locations where official taxis are in queues or "ranks".
You can call a taxi to your location (hotels do this all the time), but the meter starts clicking the moment the taxi leaves its queue for your hotel. If you have luggage, of course, calling for a taxi pickup makes sense, but most Romans on foot would just walk over to the nearest location and take the first taxi in line.
Finding where these queues are can be difficult - here is the link to the official website - http://www.comune.roma.it/PCR/resources/cms/documents/parcheggi_taxi_new.pdf
The table is organized by municipii, the subdivisions of the City of Rome. This is your first hurdle because you probably have no idea where these are. I don't and I used to live there. The left hand column is the municipio. Note that municipio #1 has the center of the city center, so it's a good place to start. See http://www.comune.roma.it/wps/portal/pcr?jppagecode=municipi.wp for the official map. Note that most of the center of Rome is in municipi I, II, III, and XVII.
In the table above, note that there are many locations that are underlined. These are places where there is a phone on a "little column" that can be used to call a taxi to your location.
Note that in the table above, the left hand location is the area served, but the right hand location is the actual address of the taxi queue. Note that "Civico" refers to the street number, so when it reads"PIAZZA DI SPAGNA " and "CIVICO 52-54", this means the street address of 52-54 Piazza di Spagna. This address is normally (but not always) marked on the side of the building with a small square of marble with the number inscribed in it.
P.S. note that there will be taxis at most (all) train stations in town, whether or not they are on the list above.
Self-service ticket machines at Roma Termini
The attached photo is of the Trenitalia ticket machines at Roma Termini. These extremely convenient machines have 5 languages, take cash or chip-and-pin cards (not mag swipe credit cards!), and have the same trains and prices that you would find online or at the ticket window...i.e., for most riders, there is no point in standing in line.
I am told that you can buy tickets for both the premium trains and the regional trains on these machines (as opposed to the Rete Regionale machines that sell only regional tickets). See the separate tip for a photo of them.
This is a cash-only ticket machine in Lazio
Please see the attached photos for two different types of self service ticket machines for the regional train network in Lazio. Id not know if the other regions have similar machines, but I would guess they do.
Note that one machine is cash-only, while the other machine accepts cards with chip-and-pin, but not traditional swipe-type credit cards. Thus, Americans who do not have chip-and-pin cards yet will need to either have plenty of cash (in bills that are not too big) or acquire a chip-and-pin card from their bank or from a service like Travelex.
- "Biglietti" is "tickets"
- "rete regionali" is "regional network". The local trains are actually regulated by the region, not by Trenitalia, which is a brand name by the Ferrovie dello Stato (national railways) for their upscale long-distance service
- "monete" is "coins"
- "annulla" is "cancel [the transaction]", i.e., start over
- "banconote" is "bills" (like "currency")
Effective May 23, 2012, the City of Rome has changed the fixed fees for taxis going between inside the Aurelian Walls (i.e., the city center) and the city's two airports: Fiumicino and Ciampino (i.e., in both directions). In addition, other fixed fares have also been set.
• to/from Fiumicino Airport to Stazione Ostiense 45 euro
• to/from Fiumicino Airport to Mura Aureliane 48 euro
• to/from Fiumicino Airport to Stazione Tiburtina 55 euro
• to/from Fiumicino Airport to Porto di Civitavecchia 120 euro
Stazione Ostiense is the 3rd largest rail station in Rome and is next to a Metro stop. It is on the south side of the City center.
Mure Aureliane refers to the Aurelian Walls, the Imperial walls that define the traditional City center.
Stazione Tiburtina is the 2nd busiest rail station in Rome and is east of the City center. It is on a Metro stop. Trains that go through Rome from north to south and vv often stop at Tiburtina instead of Termini.
Porto di Civitavecchia refers to the cruise port for Rome.
• to/from Ciampino Airport to Mura Aureliane 30 euro
• to/from Ciampino Airport to Stazione Ostiense 30 euro
• to/from Ciampino Airport to Stazione Tiburtina 35 euro
The press release about these fixed fares is at press release.
Note that the map of the area within the Aurelian Walls can still be found at Aurelian Walls Boundary.
taxi queue in front of Roma Termini
These are the official taxi fares in Rome (Summer 2012):
Amount on meter when you get in the taxi:
3.00 euro - workdays between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m.
4.50 euro - Sundays and holidays
6.50 euro - nights from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m.
Fare class 1 ("T1)" per kilometer when going faster than 20 kph: 1.10 euro per kilometer
Fare class 2 ("T2)" per kilometer when going faster than 20 kph: 1.30 euro per kilometer
Fare class 3 ("T3)" per kilometer when going faster than 20 kph: 1.60 euro per kilometer
Fare while sitting still (i.e., going less than 20 kph): 27.00 euro per HOUR
NOTE: The meaning of the fare classes has changed. Instead of being geographic, they are now based on distance. T1 applies at the start of the trip until the meter reads 11.00 euro, then the meter switches to T2 until the meter reads 13.00 euro at which point the meter switches to T3.
There is a 10% discount from the fare on the meter for
1. trips directly to a hospital in Rome
2. trips of women by themselves between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.
3. trips by young people leaving discoteques on Friday and Saturday nights (really)
First bag is free. Subsequent bags larger than 35 cm by 25 cm by 50 cm are 1 euro each.***check this***
To estimate the fare for a real trip, go to www.viamichelin.com, use the ROUTES tab to compute the distance from start to end, add in the initial meter amount based on time of day, multiply the distance traveled by the fare class, add in something for extra luggage, then add in some more for stops and starts...note that, of course, the driver may not go the way that viamichelin.com predicts, and he may do so for good reason, since Rome is full of places that "you can't get there from here".
There are now 2 passes in the area of Rome that combine transportation with museum discounts!
The Roma Pass is a combination 3 day public transit ticket and a museum pass to many (but not all) museums in the city of Rome.
***NOTE. Since September 2011, the Roma e Piu' pass has been suspended. Check the website for updates***
The RomaΠù Pass ['Rome and more'] is a combination 3 day public transit ticket and a museum pass to many (but not all) museums in the province of Rome. That is, the RomaΠù Pass not only include the benefits of the Roma Pass, also has the ability to use certain Cotral buses which run in the province of Rome outside the city of Rome, as well as giving discounts to certain museums out in the province.
For example, the RomaΠù Pass gives you access to the Villa D'Este and Hadrian's Villa ("Villa Adriana"), which are outside the city, but well within the province (they are near Tivoli).
The Roma Pass is 20 euro.
The RomaΠù Pass is 25 euro.
Please see http://www.romapass.it/english/cosa.html for more information on both passes.
This is a note I posted on a forum on handicap access from Leonardo da Vinci to Civitavecchia:
First, how to get from the airport (Leonardo da Vinci, or "Fiumicino" as the locals call it (from the town that it is in)) to Civitavecchia:
1. At the airport itself, take the train to Stazione Termini (Rome's main train station)
2. At Stazione Termini, take one of many trains to Civitavecchia (about an hour ride, I think).
3. At Civitavecchia, take a taxi to the port - actually, I am told that the distance is not far, but for anyone travelling with luggage, much less a handicap, why not take a cab?
For the airport, look at http://www.adr.it/content.asp?L=3&IdMen=630 . At the bottom of the page is a link for "special assistance" and lists locations of lounges for special needs. One of them is at the train station in the airport. Note that I recently emailed a question to the firstname.lastname@example.org (editorial staff for the website), and I got an answer within a day(!!!), so you might try, too.
For the Italian train system, I have found two pages, but, unfortunately (perhaps), they are only in Italian. The page for wheelchair-bound people is http://126.96.36.199/disabili/viSed.html, while a list of offices to contact is at http://188.8.131.52/disabili/hodi.html . In any case, it is clear that some trains, at least, are able to handle wheelchair bound passengers, and major stations can use lifts to load the passengers. Your travel agent should be able to use this information to get more specifics.
Also, if you're in Rome a while, there is a page by ATAC (Rome's bus system) on handicapped access - see http://www.atac.roma.it/disabili/index.asp?A=3&S=36&lng=2 - this is in English.
There are two types of passes issued by the transportation authorities in Rome: the ones issued for the Metrebus system in Rome and the ones issued for the Metrebus system in Lazio (the region that Rome is in). You will be able to read about these at http://www.atac.roma.it/index.asp?p=1&i=867&o=3&a=3&ci=55&tpg=2&lingua=ENG
The much more common Metrebus system for Rome is not valid out to Tivoli , but the passes for the Metrebus system for Lazio are indeed valid out to Tivoli and well beyond.
This pass is considerably less commonly used, however, because you need to leave the city perhaps several times to get good use of it, and most visitors don't do that. I am not sure that it pays for itself only for a trip to Tivoli (this pass is also good inside of Rome, just as the Metrebus system passes for Rome are).
Note that on the Metrebus system passes for Lazio, you have to choose how many zones you want it to be good for...but it's difficult to determine how many zones you need from the information here. So look at the maps and list of city names at http://www.atac.roma.it/docunet/file.asp?mid=3&rid=511 and you'll see that Tivoli is in Zone B. They also don't tell you here that if Zone A is one of the zones (as it certainly would be for you, being the center of Rome), then to get Zones A & B, you'll have to pay for three zones, since Zone A counts for 2 zones.
While we're on this subject, you might also look at the RomaΠù Pass (see http://www.romapass.it/p.aspx?l=en&tid=2 ) which gives you the Roma pass (2 free admissions at participating museums plus discounts to the others), but also gives you a 3 day Metrebus Lazio pass, which means that you can go out to Tivoli...if you look around the site here for "in the province" ( http://www.romapass.it/p.aspx?l=en&tid=13 ), you'll see both the Villa d'Este and Hadrian's Villa ("Villa Adriana") listed as sites that can be visited by the Metrebus Lazio pass, as well as several others that you may never have thought of.
Alas and alack, none of these passes are good for the Leonardo Express from Fiumicino to Termini (the reason is that the Leonardo Express is technically a first class only train, and the passes are good only for second class passage in Trenitalia regional trains). Honestly, I will have to go look up whether the Metrebus Lazio pass might actually be good on the FR1/FM1 train from Fiumicino to several other stations in Rome (but not Termini)...under the rules, it seems like it ought to be but I'll have to go see the discussion we had some time ago whether an Italian VTer finally ended up call ATAC to get the real answer ;-)
The Roma & Più Pass is good for 3 zones. Zone A (the city center) counts for 2 zones and Zone B (the zone around the city center) counts for the third one.
So how do you know which towns are in which zones, since there are 6 zones in the Sistema Metrebus (the unified system of Metro/bus/tram/train in Lazio)? The maps that you find at ATAC and the tourist websites are useless, but here is the link that not only gives you a map, but also lists all the towns by name and zone -
Yes, this map is at ATAC, but I could never find it; it was given to me by an Italian VTer who called ATAC customer support... ;-)
For example, look for Velletri on the list. It's in Zone B, so the Roma & Più Pass will be good for travel to/from Rome and Velletri on the FR4.
Will it be worth it to buy the pass and stay outside of Rome? You need to decide, but, for example, if you stay in Velletri, you already know that you'll each have to pay 5.40 round trip from Velletri to Rome and back on the FR4, if you paid for the tickets directly. And you know that the pass is good for any transportation in Rome itself when you get there (Metro, bus, tram, etc.), which saves you 1 euro per trip. And you know that the Rome & Più Pass gives you 2 museum entrances for free and discounts for the rest (you understand, of course, that this is for state museums, not private ones, nor the Vatican, right?)...so count up on your little fingers how much you might expect to use the pass and see if the cost of the FR4 travel and travel in Rome and museums will add up to more than the 25 euro that the pass will cost. Note that the website for the two passes (Rome Pass and Roma & Più Pass) is
I mention this because the info here is likely to be more up to date than at the ATAC site (I see the 25 euro price is a recent increase from the 23 euro it used to be).
Types of tickets for public transit for Rome's buses/trams/Metro:
BIT - Integrated Time Ticket <== one time use
BIG – Integrated Daily Ticket <== all day
BTI – Integrated Tourist Ticket <== 3 day
CIS – Integrated Weekly Ticket <== 7 day
See the full descriptions at the ATAC website at http://www.atac.roma.it/index.asp?p=1&i=870&o=3&a=3&ci=55&tpg=2&lingua=ENG
NOTE: there are important restrictions on these tickets. For example, the one time ticket must be validated (put in machine on the bus), and it is good for 75 minutes - the fine is 52 euro is you violate this. Please read the links.
These tickets can be used on :
- Atac buses (including the trams)
- Cotral buses (urban routes)
- Cotral Trains: Roma–Lido, Roma–Viterbo (Rome - Sacrofano leg), Roma–Pantano
- A and B subways (for one trip , including those requiring switching lines without having to pass through the turnstile)
- FS trains (one trip, one direction)
Tickets can be bought at nearly 2,000 resellers (tobacco stores, kiosks, bars, and card shops) in the region of Lazio (except for the yearly pass) and at resellers in the train stations in the region of Lazio.
The automatic ticket machines accept banknotes and coins of various types, but give change ONLY as 5, 20, and 50 (euro) cent pieces, up to a total of 2 euro.
In the case that more money is put in the machine that the ticket costs:
- the ticket will be issued if the change can consist of only 5, 20, and 50 (euro) cent pieces;
- the ticket will not be issued if the change must consist of 1 or 2 (euro) cent pieces, or is more than 2 euro. In such a case, the message "Change not available - cancel the operation" and the money will be returned.
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