"2rd biggest town on Balearic Islands" Inca by russian_yaz
Inca Travel Guide: 5 reviews and 25 photos
Inca is the capital of the Raiguer district, a long, narrow strip of land located between the Tramuntana Mountains and the Es Pla district. Presided over by Mount Santa Magdalena, the municipality is adjacent to the municipalities of Selva, Búger, Sa Pobla, Llubí, Sineu, Costitx, Sencelles, Binissalem, Lloseta and Mancor de la Vall.
Thanks to its geographic location and excellent road and train connections, Inca is a commercial centre of the first order. Its archaeological sites and the Church of Santa Maria la Major, which houses valuable works of art and examples of civil Gothic architecture, are outstanding examples of Inca's heritage.
Inhabited from prehistoric times onwards, Inca was dominated by the Romans and Arabs until the Catalan invasion led by Jaume I in 1229. During the Muslim occupation, Inca was the site of the island's largest farmstead and it remained in the hands of King Jaime himself when lands were distributed after the Christian conquest.
During the Middle Ages, the unjust distribution of wealth sparked off major popular uprisings that placed the Mallorcan oligarchy in jeopardy. Among other events in the first conflict, called Aixecament Forà, rebels sacked Son Bordils, the most important wine producing farmstead in Inca, and obtained a booty of over 50,000 litres of wine.
When the rebellion, which lasted from 1450 to 1454, was crushed, a period of banditry followed. Social tensions flourished anew in 1521, during the revolt of the Germanías. The failure of this last insurrection contributed to an increasingly fractured society.
Philloxera devastated French vineyards in 1872, and Inca, as well as the island's other wine-producing municipalities, experienced a short period of unusual economic growth. When the plague reached Mallorca, many grape growers substituted almond trees for vineyards and managed to survive the crisis.
The city of Inca is located on the top of a small range of hills at whose ends are located the convent of Sant Francesc and Serral de les Monges, whose seven mills have been turned into houses.
The outstanding features of the charming Plaza de la Esglèsia are its nineteenth-century porches and the Church of Santa Maria la Major. This baroque Church, erected on the site of the old parish church built in 1248, houses major works of art.
The Gothic panel of Santa Maria d'Inca, painted by Joan Daurer in 1373, the statue of Santa Maria la Major, sculpted by Pere de Sant Joan in the 14th century and the Renaissance altarpiece of Nom de Jesús, which dates from 1587, are its main treasures.
Sant Bartomeu, or Ses Monges Tancades as it is called by Inca residents, is a convent of Hieronymite nuns which contains a small museum, where two Gothic panels and various Renaissance paintings are on exhibit.
The eighteenth-century Convent of Sant Domingo and the Church of Sant Francesc are other interesting examples of Inca's religious architecture.
Outstanding among Inca's elegant manor homes are Can Siquier and Can Ripoll, mainly Baroque buildings which conserve some Gothic elements, and Can Fluxà, with its striking Art Noveau details.
Other interesting examples of civil architecture are the Teatro Principal and Café Mercantil. Finally, visits to Plaza del Bestiar, famous for its Thursday markets, and Gran Via de Colom, Inca's main shopping area, are highly recommended.
The megalithic remains of Son Vivot, the farmsteads of Son Bordils and Son Vic and the hermitage of Santa Magdalena, of medieval origin, complete the municipality's rich legacy.
The municipality's relief is practically flat, except for a few small hills which form the Inca massif.
Massanella, which marks the boundary with the municipality of Búger and the ramifications of the Vinagrella torrent, which crosses the protected area of Santa Magdalena, are two of the area's major torrents.
The erosion of the Tramuntana Mountains gives the soil in the municipality's southern half its characteristically red colour.
PUIG DE SANTA MAGDALENA
The municipality's main natural legacy can be found in the protected space of Puig de Santa Magdalena. Declared a nature area of special interest, the reserve covers 494 hectares and is dominated by Aleppo pines and Holm oak forests.
The small mountain range of Santa Magdalena has summits at both ends: Santa Magdalena, which measures 287 metres high and has a large esplanade with an eighteenth-century hermitage dedicated to the saint, and La Minyó, which reaches 307 metres of height and is presided over by a large iron cross.
There is a recreational area within this protected area where visitors can rest, eat and enjoy spectacular views of the Tramuntana Mountains and Es Pla.
Official web site of the Inca government: www.ajinca.net/index.es
Addresses and telephone numbers of interest
Pl. Espanya, 1
Tel. 971 880 150
Tel. 971 880 818
Tel. 971 502 850
Inca Health Centre
Tel. 971 502 412
Sa Quartera Art Centre
Pl. de Sa Quartera
Inca Municipal Library
Tel. 971 880 276
Crist Rei Municipal Library
Joan Alcover, s/n
Cultural events of interest
- Dimecre and Dijous Bo Fair: the Thursday after Santa Maria la Major. Considered to be one of the most important trade fairs in the island, don't miss it. See my pictures on the traveolgue.
- Inca weekly market: Thursday mornings in Plaza del Bestiar
- Fiestas of Sant Antoni: January 17
- Fiestas of Sant Sebastià: January 20
- Pilgrimage of Santa Magdalena: the first Sunday in Easter Week
- Fiestas of Sant Adbon and Sant Senén: July 30
- Pros:Quiet and peacifull
- In a nutshell:Mediterranean old town
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