"WELCOME to my Swinoujscie Page" Swinoujscie by queensali
Swinoujscie Travel Guide: 32 reviews and 114 photos
SWINOUJSCIE - -Situated in the extract corner of northwest Poland. Like no other town in Poland, Œwinoujœcie is located on several dozen islands. Its area being naturally delimited by the Szczecin Bay, the Baltic Sea and the German border.
In the new administrative division established in 1999, Œwinoujœcie has the status of being both town and county /powiat in Polish/. As one of the largest towns in Zachodniopomorskie Province, Œwinoujœcie has an area of 195 km2, which, strangely enough, increases regularly. In the process of sea recession the coastline has moved north by 1.5 km.
The town is situated on 44 islands of which only three: Uznam, Wolin and Karsibór are populated.
With its attractive location, Œwinoujœcie has exceptionally favourable conditions for the development of marine business and tourism. 'Poland begins here' say local residents happily. The ferry terminal, a vital link between Central Europe and Scandinavia, provides regular service to Sweden and Denmark for passengers, cars, trucks and railway wagons.
The distance from Œwinoujœcie to Berlin is only 160 km, to Sweden 175 km, and to Denmark 150 km.
The Odra Estuary is an area of relatively early human settlements. First Germanic and Slavonic tribes arrived here around 4200-1700 BC.
In historic times this area used to be of particular interest for neighbouring peoples: Germans, Danes, Swedes and Poles. More than a thousand years ago the nearby Wolin was already a thriving town while Świnoujście appeared on the historic scene much later.
1128 Bishop Otto of Bamberg arrives to christianize the inhabitants of Wolin
1181 First castles built at the mouth of the Świna River
1184 Castles destroyed by the Danes
1230 First mention of the ferry across the River Świna
1261 'A castle on the Świna River' mentioned in a document issued by Prince Barnim I
1630 Troops of the Swedish King Gustav Adolf arrive at Uznam and Wolin (legend has it that the king took a rest in the presbytery in Karsibórz)
1720 The Treaty of Stockholm - Wolin and Uznam islands consigned to Prussia
1738-1780 Dredging works and construction of the port at the mouth of the Świna River
1747 Świnoujście becomes a seaport, Szczecin's outer harbour
1765 New settlement on the Świna River acquires civic rights
1818-1823 Construction of breakwaters at the outlet of the Świna
1824 Świnoujście becomes a seaside resort, soon to become the most popular European spa
1848 Construction of the Świnoujście Fortress is launched
1859 Construction of the then tallest lighthouse in the world is completed
1876 Świnoujście linked to Berlin by a railway
1880 Opening of the Piastowski Channel
1907 German Kaiser and Russian Tsar meet in Świnoujście
1934-1939 Świnoujście becomes the naval station of Hitler's Kriegsmarine
12.III.1945 Heavy bombings by allied air forces cause damages and kill thousands of residentsi
4-5.V. 1945 Russian troops enter the islands and take control of Świnoujście
4-6.X.1945 The town taken over by representative of the Polish Authorities
1948-51 Construction of the 'Odra' fishing base
1958 Resolution of the Council of Ministers in favour of the reconstruction of Świnoujście
1959 The health treatment company 'Uzdrowiska' is established
24.XII.1992 Last Soviet troops leave Świnoujście
The 18th century Christ the King Church - erected on the site of a gothic temple. A wooden ship replica in the main nave more travel advice
Date:5-7.September Place:Culture House Œwinoujscie, 1 Wojska Polskiego Street Short description: Festival with rich... more travel advice
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