"Salzburg: The city of Mozart" Salzburg by aliante1981
Salzburg Travel Guide: 2,579 reviews and 5,926 photos
Salzburg is dominated by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Some of the main sights are those connected to his life, as the house where he lived. You will also find plenty of tourists in front of the house where Mozart was born and most of the shops feature 'Mozart' chocolate. Mozart festivals are another connection with the great composer.
But, as Vienna is not just Sacher cake, Salzburg is not just Mozart - let's see why!
Pictures and more tips will arrive soon! I have just started reorganizing everything that I have here, on VT!
Salzburg - city, capital of Salzburg Bundesland, north-central Austria. It is situated in a level basin on both sides of the Salzach River near the northern foothills of the Alpsand the Bavarian (German) border. The historic centre of the city, with its rich mix of art and architecture, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996?
In the centre of the ?older town,? on the left bank of the Salzach, is the Residenzplatz with the archbishop's residence (1595?1619), a gallery of 16th?19th century European paintings, and a large Baroque fountain (1658?61). Opposite is the Residenz Neugeb?ude (Residence New Building; 1592?1602); its tower contains clockwork (1873) and carillon (German: Glockenspiel; 1705) that was imported from Antwerp, Belg. The 35 bells that make up the carillon range in size from 35 pounds (16 kg) to 838 pounds (380 kg) and play many pieces specially composed by Michael Haydn andby Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Salzburg's most famous native son. The cathedral, or Dom, was the first church built in the Italian style on German soil, according to plans elaborated in 1614?28. It was constructed on the site of a previous Romanesque cathedral (1181?1200; damaged by fire 1598) and an earlier, 8th-century basilica.
Near the M?nchsberg (Monks' Hill), a wooded ridge (elevation1,617 feet [493 metres]) overlooking the old town, is the Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter; most of its buildings date fromthe 17th and 18th centuries, and its church (1130?43) was remodeled in the Rococo style. North of the abbey is the Franciscan Church, with a Romanesque nave (1223), a 15th-century Gothic choir, and Baroque chapels. Crowning Monks' Hill is the great fortress of Hohensalzburg (1077; extended c. 1500; completed 1681), which served as the archbishops' residence during the wars of the 15th and 16th centuries. Also on the hill are St. George's Church (1501) andthe Nonnberg Nunnery (founded 712/715; rebuilt 1000?09).
Among landmarks in the ?newer town? (on the right bank of the Salzach) are St. Sebastian's Church (1505?12; enlarged 1749), with the graves of Mozart's wife and father in the churchyard; the Holy Trinity Church (1694?1702), designed by the architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach; and the Mozarteum (1910?14), comprising a music academy, concert halls, and Mozart archives. Mirabell Castle (1606; originally called Altenau) was designed by Scamozzi for the prince-archbishop Raitenau's mistress, remodeled (1721?27) by the Austrian architect Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt, and reconstructed by Peter von Nobile after the 1818 fire. On the city outskirts are the Capuchin Friary (1599?1602) and the castles of Leopoldskron (1736) and Hellbrunn (1613?19). The university (1623?1810) was reestablished in 1962. The Kollegien, or University Church (1694?1707), is a Baroque masterpiece by Fischer von Erlach.
A music centre for centuries, Salzburg was the birthplace of Mozart, whose house, No. 9 Getreidegasse, is preserved as a museum. It is also the site of the internationally renowned annual Salzburg Festival. There were music festivals in Salzburg at irregular intervals throughout the 19th century, and in 1917 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Richard Strauss, and Max Reinhardt founded the Festival Theatre Committee, which mounted a festival at Salzburg on an annual basis. The Salzburg Festival now comprises recitals, concerts of orchestral and chamber music, church music, opera, and drama. The music of Mozart dominates the festival. The Festspielhaus (Festival Theatre), converted from the court stables built into the cliff of Monks' Hill, consists of the Rock Riding School (1693), an auditorium for open-air performances; two large indoor operahouses (1926, 1960); and the Winter Riding School, used as a reception hall. Pop. (1991) 143,978. This description comes from Britannica 2003
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