"Ansbach, Germany" Ansbach by leafmcgowan

Ansbach Travel Guide: 9 reviews and 19 photos

About Ansbach

Ansbach or Anspach is a town of roughly 40,512 people in the Bavarian state of Germany (census 2004). It was originally called Onolzbach. It serves as the capital of the administrative region of Middle Franconia. 25 miles southwest of Nuremberg and 90 miles north of Munich, Ansbach has been an important center for Franconia and Bavaria. It resides on the Frankische Rezat, a tributary of the Main river. Ansbach started out as a Benedictine monastery in 748 by Gumbertus (a Franconian noble) who was later canonized. Centuries later, the monastery and its adjoining village called Onolzbach populated into the town that is now "Ansbach" (1221 AD). The counts of Oettigen ruled there until the Hohenzollern burgraves of Nuremberg took over in 1331 making the seat of their dynasty there until they acquired the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1415. With the death of Frederick I (Elector of Brandenburg) in 1440, the Franconian cadet branch of the family was not politically united with the main Brandenburg line remaining independent as "Brandenburg-Ansbach". Margrave George the Pious introduced the Protestant Reformation in 1528, leading to the secularization of St. Gumbertus Abbey in 1563. Then in 1792, Ansbach was annexed by the Hohenzollerns of Prussia and in 1796 the Duke of Zweibrucken, Maximilian Joseph, the future Bavarian king Max. I. Joseph who was later exiled to Ansbach after Zweibrucken was taken over by the French. It was then that Maximilian von Montgelas came up with the elaborate political organization of Bavaria known as the "Ansbacher Memoire". In 1806 Prussia ceded Ansbach and the Principality of Ansbach to Bavaria was accomplished in exchange for the Bavarian duchy of Berg. At the end of the 17th century, the margrave's palace was rebuilt in Baroque style. With the onslaught of WWII, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was established here. The Luftwaffe and the Wehrmacht also set up bases here. A nearby airbase was established and became the home station for the Stab and I/KG53. On September 1, 1939 this unit was one of many that culminated the attack on Poland that started the war. During the Western Allied invasion of Germany in April 1945 - the airfield was seized by the U.S. Third Army and used by the USAAF 354th Figher Group until the German capitulation on May 7, 1945. The historical center of Ansbach was spared during the war and kept its baroque character even though it lost all of its bridges. Ansbach became a administrative and cultural center, remaining such today. It also hosts several units of the U.S. armed forces, associated with German units under NATO housing 5 separate U.S. installations: Shipton Kaserne; Katterbach Kaserne; Bismark Kaserne; Barton Barracks; and Bleidorn Barracks. There are 5 schools in Ansbach and the University of Applied Sciences. Ansbach is also home to the wolf boy Kaspar Hausen.

  • Last visit to Ansbach: Apr 2009
  • Intro Written Apr 17, 2009
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leafmcgowan

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