"~~ Cmolas ~~ the end of the search" Cmolas by Pawtuxet
Cmolas Travel Guide: 14 reviews and 59 photos
My grandfather stepped onto American soil in 1906. Over the years, his children and grandchildren tried to solve the many mysteries which surrounded his heritage and homeland. Finally after many years and my 3rd trip to Poland, I found the records of my grandfather's roots. It's been a fascinating search with priceless rewards. It took 97 years before his granddaughter got back to the beginnings.
A wonderful older priest greeted us and moved with utmost patience through the aged journals of the parish records. . . until finally....there were my uncle, my grandfather, my grandmother, their parents...and maiden names of the mothers. A treasure trove. I was ecstatic. My many thanks go out to this man...who was neither surprised nor moved by my joy. So level was his countenance, as if he has done this hundreds and hundreds of times before.
*Note: My search would never have been completed without the patient and knowledgeable assistance of GosiaPL, a VT member whom I "met" on line in a Polish forum several years ago. Thank you, Gosia
2009 I finally located the actual land where my grandfather's house stood, with the help of my pen pal, Wladek. It is a tiny settlement known as Zarembki, which is not on the VT maps.. so I have included tips and information on this page. What fun to be on Grandfather's street!
There are more storks in southern Poland than anywhere else in the world. They nest on top of posts and when they are airborne... you KNOW it. They're really magnificent birds. Wish I could have gotten closer to photograph one in flight. They're really wonderful creatures. Watch closely when driving through the countryside. This one nested about one house away from my grandfather's family property.
The plateau of Kolbuszowa is intersected with small rivers which join LEG, a tributary of the Vistula. It is at the center of the Basin of Sandomierz and consists of 5 rural GMINAS, one of which is Cmolas.
Of particular interest in Cmolas, a village from the 16th century boasting the most precious monuments of sacred history situated in the land of Kolbuszowa. A famous shrine housing a 17th. century miraculous painting of the Transfiguration on the Tabor Mountain is kept here. Each year a number of pilgrims not only from the Land of Kolbuszowa, but also from the surrounding villages, take advantage of the hospitality of the parish people.
I can visualize that my grandparents would have visited this shrine along with these other pilgrims.
A BRIEF HISTORY: The settlement dates to the 16th century when Stanislaw Tarnowski founded the All Saints Church in 1523. The Mielecki family held the land in the first half of the 16th. century.
At the beginning of the 17th century construction work was started on the once famous palace in Kolbuszowa designed by a renowned architect, Tylman of Gameren. This palace construction gave stimulus to the furniture manufacturing craft which would make the town of Kolbuszowa famous as far away as Krakow, Warsaw, the British Museum and the Vatican Museum.
Unfortunately the castle was destroyed during the war of independence and the furniture manufacturing craft center in Kolbuszowa declined and disappeared in the 1840's.
By the end of the 18th. century the ban on Jewish settlements was lifted and the Jewish inhabitants came to equal the number of Christians in the community. See my other tips to view the town insignia symbolizing the cooperative efforts between the two groups. There is a present day synogogue which houses the Museum of Jewish Culture. The agreeable co-habitation of the Jewish and Christian communities in the town was undisturbed until the holocaust.
In 1772 Kolbuszowa (and Cmolas) became included in the Austrian partition. the declining crafts began to give way to agriculture. The town changed and became the property of the Tyszkiewicz family and remained such until 1944.
* there is a Museum of Folk Culture in the Skansen Village at Kolbuszowa, built in 1974. See my Kolbuszowa page for photos and information.
** History and photo borrowed from the book ZIEMIA Kolbuszowska, an anniversary edition written by Asst. Prof. Jan Draus PhD .....my many thanks to him and his work.
- Pros:Quiet, rural, rich farm lands, pure foods, fresh air!
- Cons:Difficult to reach...requiring auto to get there.
- In a nutshell:Whatever it is.....it's mine!! :-)
The houses on grandfather's street were varied in age and economic status.. or so it appeared to my real estate agent... more travel advice
So many people have written to me about my search for grandfather's village. They are people who have seen me on VT or... more travel advice
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