San Marino Things to Do Tips by traveldave
San Marino Things to Do: 151 reviews and 316 photos
Cesta Fortress was built in the thirteenth century on Fratta, Monte Titano's highest peak. In 1956 the Museum of Ancient Arms was established in the fortress. The museum features over 700 pieces, including spears and lances, side arms, firearms, bows and arrows, crossbows, and coats of armor, all dating from the Middle Ages to about 1800.
Directions: Cesta Fortress is located at Via Salita alla Cesta, on top of Monte Titano.
Early inhabitants of San Marino constructed three fortresses known as the Three Towers of San Marino on each of the three summits of Monte Titano.
The Fortress of Guaita was constructed in the tenth century on the second-tallest summit, also called Guaita. It is the oldest of the three towers and is therfore one of the oldest ancient fortifications on the Italian peninsula. The fortress originally served as a watch tower and a refuge for the local inhabitants during seiges. Over the centuries, the fortress was reinforced many times. It took on its present appearance in the second half of the fifteenth century, and its gabled roof was added during the sixteenth century. After having been the seat of various military institutions, some of its cells were used as a prison from the late eighteenth century up to 1970.
Directions: The Fortress of Guaita is located at Via Salita alla Rocca, on top of Monte Titano.
The dominant geological feature of San Marino is Monte Titano, a limestone outlier of the Apennine Mountains with three summits, the highest of which is 2,457 feet (749 meters) in elevation. The three peaks are called Guaita, Cesta, and Montale. Legend has it that Saint Marinus founded San Marino upon these peaks. Early inhabitants built protective ramparts around the settlement that would become the capital city of San Marino. The streets in the capital are cobbled and crooked due to the steep terrain.
The three peaks of Monte Titano are topped by the Three Towers of San Marino, which are iconic symbols of the tiny country. They are featured on the country's flag and coat of arms. San Marino is even famous for a cake called La Torta di Tre Monti, the Cake of the Three Peaks. It is a layered cake covered in chocolate.
The view from Monte Titano takes in the entire country of San Marino, and encompasses the cliffs of the mountain, the villages of Serravalle and Falciano, the cultivated Italian countryside, and the Adriatic Sea on the horizon. The scenic overlook is next to the Piazza della Libertà, and is about 2,001 feet (610 meters) above the fields and villages below.
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