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History of Het Loo
After William III (1650-1702) had bought the 15th century castle Old Loo in 1684, he had Het Loo built between 1685 and 1692 as hunting seat. The architect Jacob Roman (1640-1716) built the palace according to a plan made by the Academie d'Architecture in Paris. The decoration of the interior and the lay out of the gardens came from Daniel Marot (1661-1752), a French Huguenot who fled to the Netherlands in 1685.In 1685-86 the central part of the house and the wings alongside the forecourt and Koningslaan were built. After Prince William III and his wife Princess Mary Stuart (1662-1694) were crowned king and queen of England in 1689, the palace was added to in the years 1690 and 1692. The colonades on either side of the central part of the house were removed and replaced by four pavilions. At the same time the garden was extended to the north by the upper garden which took the place of the former kitchen garden. The two colonnades were then used to terminate the garden.
Upon the death of King Stadtholder William III in 1702 there was disagreement over his inheritance, but eventually, in 1732, Het Loo descended to William IV (1711-1751) who was, from 1747, stadtholder of all the provinces. Both William IV and his son Willem V (1748-1806) used the house in the 18th century as hunting seat and summer residence.
Willem V had the lay out of the upper garden changed into a landscape style after the fashion of the time by the imperial architect Philip W. Schonck. The palace was drastically altered in 1807-09 when it was appointed as a summer residence by Louis Napoleon (1778-1846), brother of Napoleon and king of Holland from 1806 to 1810. The old 17th century garden declined after the Oranges crossed to England in 1795. It was superseded by a generoulsy laid oout landscape garden. The palace was coated with a layer of grey white stucco and provided with shamjoints, suggestive of blocks of natural stone. the new empire windows were fitted with shutters.
Het Loo was not returned to the Oranges when they came back in 1813; by an order in Council of October 1815 it was assigned to the Head of State as a summer residence.
At the time of Willem I (1772-1843), King of the Netherlands, the colour of the stucco became whiter and the mock joints disappeared. Unlike his son, King Willem II (1792-1849), his grandson King Willem III (1818-1890) was very much interested in Het Loo.
In the second quarter of the 19th century, in 1875 and 1894, and between 1911 and 1914, the palace was enlarged at several sides to reach a certain form of symmetry.
After her abdication in 1948 Queen Wilhelmina retired to Het Loo 'till she died. Her daughter, Queen Juliana, renounced further use of the palace by the royal family, so that, in 1971, it became a National Museum.
Another restauration took place whereby all the 19th and 20th century extensions were removed, restoring it into the 17th century shape, and the gardens inside the walls were returned to their original state.This restauration took place between 1977 and 1984.
We spent some days on a camping site in Hoenderloo, a little place near Apeldoorn.
We visited the National Parc "De Hoge Veluwe", a castle named "De Cannenburgh" in Vaassen and off course the place where our former queen Wilhelmina had lived: "Het Loo", a great mantion just outside Apeldoorn.
On the photograph "Jachtslot Hubertus", built and designed by a famous Dutch painter en designer named Berlage. Most of the interior was also designed by him.
You can find this building in the National Parc "De Hoge Veluwe", near Otterloo.
We had thought we could go to the loo at 'Het Loo' but as said before, we did not go there. So we drove a little bit and... more travel advice
A museum you certainly must visit is 'Kröller Mueller' in the National Parc 'De Hoge Veluwe'. A great collection on art... more travel advice
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