"Named After A Worker" Stakhanov by hunterV
Stakhanov Travel Guide: 47 reviews and 299 photos
The city of Stakhanov, Luhansk region, Ukraine.
Is there any other town or city in the whole world named after a worker?
It was here more than seventy-five years ago that Alexei Grigoryevich Stakhanov began working as a coal-hewer.
Alexey Stakhanov, one of the coal-hewers of “Central Irmino” coalmine in Kadiyevka, promoted his idea of freeing the coal-hewers from timbering works in the coalface and introducing the division of labor by providing each coal-hewer with a timberman.
The Communist party secretary of the coalmine K.Petrov supported his initiative and did everything to ensure “the necessary conditions for the development of the coalminers' creative initiative”. These joint efforts yielded positive results.
On the night from August 30 to 31, 1935 Alexey Stakhanov managed to hew 102 tons of coal within 5 hours and 45 minutes of his night shift, which exceeded the shift norm 14 times.
His partner who lit the working space for Alexey Stakhanov accompanied him with a lantern.
That work record became known throughout the country. Other coalminers managed to repeat Stakhanov’s record. He himself broke his own record in two weeks when he hewed 227 tons of coal during his shift.
Young Alexey Stakhanov became a living legend.
And it was a simple young man who until a short while before had been a peasant in Orel Region, Russia.
A new hope was born in people's hearts: if Stakhanov could do it, we'll do it, too.
That working record soon became known all over the country. A lot of other workers in different spheres of economy began very intensive work aimed at the increase of production. Thus a nationwide movement to raise production norms came into being.
The movement was given Stakhanov's name and became famous all over the world as the Stakhanovite movement.
No previous initiative in the Soviet Union had ever given rise to such mass enthusiasm, to such aspiration to produce more of better quality than Stakhanov's labor record.
The Stakhnovite movement started and soon spread all over the country. Besides, workers from Belgium, Holland, Norway, Spain, China sent letters to Kadiyevka coalminers asking them to share their experience in new work methods.
Alexei Stakhanov became famous in the whole country. He joined the Communist Party in 1936 and in 1937 he was elected an MP – a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and remained a deputy till 1946.
The coalmine where he used to work was renamed into "The 22nd Party Congress Coalmine". There was a museum in the coalmine dedicated to the history of the coalmining and the labor records of coalminers.
More about Alexey Stakhanov at: www.answers.com
Alexei Stakhanov (3.1.1906 - 5.11.1977) became a Hero of the Socialist Labor in 1970.
After his death the town of Kadiyevka where he used to live and work was named in his honor. On February 15, 1978 the town of Kadiyevka was renamed into Stakhanov.
The historic initiative of Alexei Stakhanov lived on to the eighties. The Stakhanovite movement inscribed thousands of names in the labor history of the Soviet Union. One of the last initiatives of the Stakhanovites of the eighties was the movement for technological progress in the national economy. Thousands of work teams were given the honorary name of Stakhanov.
So the Stakhanovite movement became known in the history as the movement of industrial innovators and first-rankers in socialist emulation for raising the labor productivity and for the better use of the machinery.
About the Stakhanovites
The residents of Stakhanov honor the memory of their great fellow countryman and are proud of him.
There is a monument to Stakhanov in the central street at the entrance to the city park.
The city name has its own interesting history.
The first village in this area appeared in 1814 and this date is considered to be the foundation date of the city.
The first village was called Andreyevka after landlord Andreyev who owned it.
In 1859 the village was purchased by landlord Borissovsky and was called Borissovka in his honor.
In 1890 the village was called Shubinka in honor of landlord Shubin who owned the coalmines in that area.
In 1898 the name of Kadiyevka appeared for the first time. Postmaster Mikhail Kravtsov who lived there called his post and telegraph station after his son Cadiy (short for Arcady). Since that time the name of the post station spread over the whole village and it began to be called Kadiyevka.
The town of Kadiyevka, as the city was called before it became Stakhanov, held municipal rights since 1932.
This is how the town was called:
1932 - 1937 - Kadiyevka;
1937 - 1940 - Sergo (in honor of the Soviet minister of heavy industry Gregory (Communist party pseudonym "Sergo") Ordzhonikidze (1886-1937);
1940 - 1978 - Kadiyevka again;
Since February 15, 1978 - Stakhanov.
The city is located 53 km/33 miles to the northwest of Luhansk and has the population of about 90,000 inhabitants.
The city area comprises about 60 sq.km/23.1 sq.mi.
Stakhanov is located on the River Kamyshevakha that belongs to the basin of the Seversky Donets.
The city has several satellite towns: Almaznaya, Irmino and others.
Stakhanov has a homey atmosphere about its streets and parks, even though the roads need repair and are known for their treacherous portholes.
I went to Stakhanov with my partner Paul from Utah who came to live in Luhansk. Thanks to him I could revisit this city, see a lot of new places and take lots of pictures.
The city is famous for its conference center called Gorky Palace of Culture (it is also called GDK in Russian for short).
It is called in honor of Maxim Gorky, a famous Soviet writer (1868 – 1936).
The palace of culture is one of the city’s important landmarks.
It was built in 1948 when most of the town still lay in ruins.
The architects and builders spared no effort to turn it into a genuine temple of culture.
My friend Paul and I were amazed to see the marvelous hall, the huge lavish staircase, the impressive decorations on the walls and the local lore museum located on the second floor.
Where else in the Donets Basin can you see the bas-reliefs of William Shakespeare, Ludwig Van Beethoven, Peter Chaikovsky? Is there any other place that would glorify the coalminers’ labor to such an extent as here?
I would say visiting that conference center is a must for the visitors of the city.
The city has also a small clock tower at the central square – Lenin Square , - which distinguishes the city from many other towns and cities of the region that have no such a tradition.
There are other web sites (in Russian for the present):
Night Photos of Stakhanov
Video Stroll About Stakhanov
Stakhanov in Winter
City Day in Stakhanov
- Pros:Homey atmosphere, very friendly people, a nice city park with a bar and a disco
- Cons:poor quality of many roads and sidewalks, especially on the outskirts
- In a nutshell:Friendly Coalminers' City
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