"Andreas' St. Croix Page" Top 5 Page for this destination Christiansted by AndreasK

Christiansted Travel Guide: 34 reviews and 99 photos

St. Croix's history spans the rule of seven nations, each influencing the customs and architecture of the island. Columbus disovered the island in 1493 and called it Santa Cruz (Saint Croix). Subsequently, the island was under Dutch, British, French and Maltese rule. In 1733, the French Government sold St. Croix to the Danish West India & Guinea Co. for $150,000. The Danes allowed foreign immigrants to move in. The result was rapid development as everyone from the Spanish Jews to the Huguenots purchased plantations. The English dominated the populations and English became the language spoken on the streets. It was under Danish rule that the sugar plantations flourished. The markets in Europe were huge, and sugar cane could only be grown in tropical zones. For over two centuries, sugar was king! To this day, the sugar plantations scattered around the island are visible.

When around 1829 sugar beet became an alternative source of manufacturing sugar throughout Europe, the local economy went down leading to slaves riots. In 1878 the slaves burned much of Frederiksted and many plantations around the island. The last sugar harvest took place in 1966. Since then, the economy has become dependent upon tourism as a revenue source. Denmark sold the Virgin Islands to the U.S. in 1917 for $25 million.

  • Intro Updated Mar 24, 2003
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