"Prefecture of Evros" Prefecture of Evros by bakalapoe

Prefecture of Evros Travel Guide: 138 reviews and 422 photos

Following the violent uprooting of Greek populations in Thrace, the urban centres experienced a demographic wipe out and ethnological distortion and, as a result, Thrace was administratively integrated in the Roumeli district. During the 17th -18th century the area attracts Greek populations who located there and cities in Thrace thrive both demographically and financially. Greek merchants from Thrace travel to Russia, Egypt and the Black Sea countries. Furthermore, the first Greek schools are established. The cultural and ethnological renaissance of the Greeks of Thrace begins in early 19th century. During the Greek Revolution of 1821, people of Thrace took part in Alexandros Ipsilantis’ Sacred Band campaign. In the middle of the 19th century, the Greek-Bulgarian dispute over religion matters that later extend to education matters starts. The Bulgarians take over Greek churches and schools in Thrace. Following a coup d’état in 1885, northern Thrace is being permanently integrated in the Bulgarian state. A series of ruthless persecutions as well as anti-Greek movements emerge and extend up to 1906. Greeks are being persecuted during the 2nd Balkan and the 1st World War. The Neuilly-sur-Seine Treaty is signed in November 1919 according to which Bulgaria and Greece sign a contract agreeing to a voluntary mutual population exchange.In 1908 Muslim immigrants are relocated from Bosnia to Thrace. Later, in 1913 Thrace is divided again, while the western part is allocated to Bulgaria and the eastern remains under Turkish occupation. During 1920-1924 the Sevres Treaty (August 1920) transfers both eastern and western Thrace to Greece. Thrace is now under Greek administration and divided in 6 regions. A whole reorganization of political, financial, legal and sanitation services takes place. In 1923 the Lausanne Treaty is signed. However, the Bulgarian occupation is only around the corner for the biggest part of Thrace and it comes along with the 2nd World War. At about 350.000 people live in Thrace today, 70% of whom are Greek Orthodox and 30% are Muslims. Most of the latter reside in the Rodopi and Xanthi Prefectures.

  • Intro Updated Oct 10, 2012
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Comments (1)

  • picek's Profile Photo
    Aug 16, 2012 at 5:44 AM

    I have looked at your photos of the Thracian burial tomb with great interest! That horse skeleton is fascinating.... i certainly would love to visit that place some time in my life.

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