"KEFALLONIA" Top 5 Page for this destination Cefalonia Island by Christianne

Cefalonia Island Travel Guide: 137 reviews and 330 photos

Kefallonia (Kefalonia) is the largest of the Ionian Islands and the sixth of all the Greek Islands, with a surface of 688.8 square kilometres. To the north-east of Kefallonia is situated Ithaki which is separated from Kefallonia with a channel of 3-4 kilometres.
A few historical facts

The human presence on the island dates back to the Paleolithic period.
During the Mycenaen period the island was flourishing and had connection with Ithaki, Lefkada and the far-off Cyclades which was terminates in 1500 B.C. probably because of the explosion of the volcano of Santorini.

The island is mostly mountainous, the most mountainous from the Ionian Islands.Ainos' highest peak is Megas Soros at the 1628 metres.
As for all the other mountains, such as Roudi, Sela, Vrohonas, Omorfia and Avgo their highest peaks are not more than 1000 metres.
In Kefallonia I spent most of my summers since my childhood.

Kefallonia and Ithaki create the Prefecture of Kefallonia . The capital is Argostoli which is the largest town and the capital of the Province (Eparchia) of Kranea.
Lixouri is the capital of the second Province (Eparchia) with the name Paliki.
The third Province is Sami with its capital Sami. See more on my Sami page.
Before the destructive earthquake of 1953 Kefallonia had almost 365 villages. Nowadays, remain only 200 villages most of them located next to the coast and some of them in the plains.

Kefallonia is connected to the other part of Greece through the airport of Argostoli and the ports of Sami, Poros and Agia Efimia. It has laso connection with the other Ionian Islans and Astakos in Epirus.
For more information on the itineraries of the boats, check out my transportation tips.
It is believed that Kefallonia took its name from the hero Cephalus (Kefalos).
It is also believed that "cephales" comes from the worl "cephales" refering to its mountains or to the fact that it is the biggest Ionian Island.

According to the Hellenic Mythology, the first Kefallonians were the Taphioi (or Teleboes) named after their first King Taphios who was the son of the god Poseidon and Hippothoe.
When Amphitryon, king of Theba declared the war to Pterelaos, king of Kefallonia, Kefalos, who lived in Attica, helped the king of Theba to win the war.
Amphitryon, gave Kefallonia to Kefalos as present for his help.
Kefalos became the king of Kefallonia.
The four main town of the island were named after his four sons:
-Krani after his son Kranios
-Samos or Sami after his son Samos
-Pali after his son Paleus
-Pronni after his son Pronessos

These four town remained autonomous till the Roman conquest of Greece as well as their were independent from each other.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:Picturesque and unusual island!
  • Last visit to Cefalonia Island: Feb 2003
  • Intro Updated Oct 8, 2005
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Reviews (25)

Comments (9)

  • mustertal's Profile Photo
    Jan 14, 2010 at 5:32 AM

    I've enjoyed reading your pages, this is another place for me to visit.

  • Sep 3, 2007 at 2:27 PM

    we've been wondering what was in a cefalonia meat pie for years, the tour reps just kept us guessing what was inside, that was 16 years ago and now thx to you we have found out, we loved the island and we will visit again.

  • Jul 17, 2006 at 2:06 PM

    Hi, i'd like to ask u how can i get to this island without going to Patras first. For exemple can i get there from Igoumenita?or anywhere closer to that? If u could answer that would be great! Thanks

  • debs1's Profile Photo
    May 22, 2006 at 2:01 AM

    can u get to this beach on foot

  • Feb 20, 2004 at 5:35 AM

    Great Page - I went to Cefalonia last year and thought it was fantastic!! Will definately go there again!

  • ettenaj's Profile Photo
    Dec 28, 2003 at 9:30 AM

    I must try these menus they sound great

  • mangueirense's Profile Photo
    Jul 31, 2003 at 1:12 PM

    I saw the film Corellis Mandolin which seems to be filmed on this special island and loved the place, would definitely want to go there to see it with my own eyes!!!

  • Rale's Profile Photo
    Mar 20, 2003 at 9:12 PM

    Nice information and pics!

  • Mar 13, 2003 at 11:59 PM

    Excellant page...Truly professional...great job.....simply fantastic

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