"A Bit of History" Top 5 Page for this destination Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Park by JessieLang

With the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, France lost its other North American territory, but gained Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island. They settled in Louisbourg, and it became the capital of the island and it’s busiest harbor.

England declared war on France in 1744, and fighting started on Cape Breton Island soon after. The French were expecting to be attacked from the sea and had their defenses there, but the English came overland instead. The vegetation is so thick all around there, that dragging cannons through it would have been a horrible job. After a 2-month battle, the French lost and went back to France.

The English moved into Louisbourg in 1745, but didn’t fare nearly as well—they didn’t befriend the Indians, and they lacked the survival skills the French learned from them. Peace was declared in 1748; some French moved back, the English left and settled in Halifax.

War again in 1757—the British won more quickly this time, with the help of the Royal Navy. They took over Louisbourg again in 1758; left again in 1760. This time they completely destroyed the fortress so the French would have nothing to return to. It took them 8 years to destroy everything.

Today's reconstruction is accurate—the foundations of all the buildings were still there, and everything else was documented. The French were almost manic about records, and there were 5 hand-made copies of every piece of paper—Two stayed in the area, and the other 3 copies were sent to France on 3 separate ships. They had blueprints for the houses, lists of everybody’s property (for tax purposes), supply lists and military records.

Visitors can eat in the restaurants, buy bread at the bakery, and see civilians and soldiers going about their daily lives.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:Spend the day in the 18th Century
  • In a nutshell:Excellent re-creation
  • Last visit to Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Park: Jul 2009
  • Intro Updated May 9, 2016
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