"Peru by luiggi" Peru by luiggi
Peru Travel Guide: 7,808 reviews and 20,768 photos
Peru has arid deserts, imposing snow-capped mountains, and humid rainforests.
Peru shares the world's highest navigable lake (Titicaca) and the greatest river (the Amazon), has the national park with the greatest biodiversity (Manu), and the deepest canyon in the world (Colca).
Peru is therefore an exceptional country catering for all interests, and with a welcoming and culturally highly diverse people to complete the attractions.
Peru's population is made up of three main groups: native inhabitants (about 50% of the population), European-descended inhabitants (13%), and mestizos (mixed European and native descent, 37%), plus small numbers of persons of Japanese, Chinese, and African descent. Most of the native inhabitants speak Quechua or Aymara as their first language; they live in the Andes and have retained much of their traditional way of life. In addition, there are about 100,000 natives, divided into about 100 groups, who live in the isolated rain forest of E Peru and speak a variety of languages. Most other Peruvians are Westernized, speak Spanish (the official language) as their first language, and are Roman Catholic.
La Costa, the coastal area, is semi-arid to arid. It stretches the Pacific coastline from north to south. Some parts are extremely dry, and rainfall is very low in this area. However, many rivers from the Andes flow through the region towards the Pacific, thus creating fertile river valleys. The capital Lima is situated in the coastal area.
Parallel and east of La Costa is La Sierra, the central region which is part of the Cordillera de los Andes. The Andes range is a vast mountain area covering not only Peru but also parts of Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Argentina, and even with sub-chains going as far as Colombia in the north and Tierra del Fuego in the entire south of the continent.
East of La Sierra is La Selva, the tropical rainforest region of the Amazon basin. The densely forested eastern slopes of the Andes are considered part of La Selva as well, and are called montaña or cloudforest. In the northeast the sierra goes downwards into a vast tropical plain, dominated by the big rivers Ucayali and Marañon. The Amazon river begins at the point where these two rivers flow together.
Since George Johnson and Robert Shippee first explored the area for the American Geographical Society in 1931, the Colca... more travel advice
The lake covers approximately 9000 km2 and like many things in Bolivia it takes another highest championship: it is the... more travel advice
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