"Caloocan City ..." Caloocan City by joshtiglao
Caloocan City Travel Guide: 0 reviews and 3 photos
Caloocan is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City in the province of Bulacan.
The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andres Bonifacio and his men, and it was within the city's perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.
The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north. During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.
The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument of Philippine revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, which is located at the end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The memorial was erected in 1933 with sculptures crafted by national artist Guillermo Tolentino to mark the very first battle of the Philippine revolution on August 3, 1896. Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 meters away from the landmark. The whole area is now known as Monumento.
Caloocan once encompassed a much larger area without being bisected into north and south. During the formation of Quezon City, the districts that are now Balintawak and Novaliches were divided up and excluded from Caloocan and added to the newly-established Quezon City. Balintawak is a historic district because it was the original site of the "Cry of Pugad Lawin" (Unang Sigaw sa Balintawak) at a location called "Kang-kong" near Tandang Sora's house. Controversy looms to the exact location of the tearing of cedula. History scholars gathered a few years ago and still did not find the true location as based on historical accounts of people living during that time. Research shows that there are multiple locations: Pugad Lawin, Gulod, Banlat, Pacpac ng Lawin, Pasong Tamo, Kangkong etc. which still all in Balintawak district during that time. Nevertheless, Balintawak did give Caloocan a place in history for it is not the tearing of cedula but the first encounter between Katipuneros and Spaniards that took place there that marks the birth of the revolution. Novaliches on the other hand was an expansive sector with some hillsides that served as meeting places and hideouts for Andres Bonifacio and the Katipunan. Teodoro Agoncillo, a Filipino historian, once quoted in the book authored by another historian and National Artist Nick Joaquin MANILA! MY MANILA! the apportioning of Caloocan: "It is a barbaric act that Balintawak was chopped off from its original matrix..
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